The Laestadian (See also Laestadianism) church arrived in North America with Nordic (especially Finnish and Sami) immigrants in the latter half of the 19th century, many of whom arrived to work in the copper mines of the Keweenaw Peninsula. Some of these new immigrants found themselves in conflict with older, established immigrants from the same countries, being generally poorer and less established, and hewing to the new, fundamentalist teachings of Lars Levi Laestadius, a Swedish-Sami preacher and botanist born in Arjeplog, Sweden. Laestadian congregations separate from the extant Scandinavian Lutheran churches were formed in Cokato, Minnesota, in 1872 and in Calumet, Michigan, in 1873.
Laestadianism in the United States Wikipedia
171 000 laestadians in total in world. 26 000 laestadians in total in America.1. Firstborn laestadianism ("Esikoinens") 10 000 people in U.S.A. (Old Apostolic Lutheran Church)
2. Little firstborn group (Rauhan Sana group) (Federation) ("Mickelsons") 6 000 people (in U.S.A.(Apostolic Lutheran Church of America), Canada(ALC) and Guatemala)
3. Conservative laestadianism ("Heidemans") 5 000 people (in U.S.A.(Laestadian Lutheran Church), Canada(LLC) and Ecuador)
4. Torola group 4 000 people in U.S.A. (First Apostolic Lutheran Church)
5. Reedites (pollarites) 3,500 people in U.S.A (Independent Apostolic Lutheran Church)
6. Aunesites 550 people in U.S.A. (The Apostolic Lutheran Church)
7. Andersonites about 200 people in U.S.A. in South Carolina (Grace Apostolic Lutheran Church)
8. Davidites 40 people in U.S.A.
9. Melvinites 20 people in U.S.A.
Each congregation generally has a name they call themselves, which frequently differ from the names used in this article. In particular, First Apostolic adherents would recoil at being labelled "Laestadian"; for them, "Laestadians" are the opposing side of the 1973 schism. In the interest of editorial clarity, this article uses an internally consistent naming scheme which differs from the names congregations apply to themselves. The term "Laestadian" is used as an umbrella to refer to all churches with a clear succession of belief from the teachings of Lars Levi Laestadius. The respective branches of Laestadian churches recognize their roots with the teachings of Lars Levi Laestadius to varying degrees. The Old Apostolic Lutheran Church, for example, will read a postilla (sermon) of Laestadius along with a text from the Bible with every church service. In contrast, the Pollari congregations do not recognize Laestadius in any of their liturgy and he is not given any special emphasis in their teachings.
The term "Apostolic" does not refer to the doctrine of apostolic succession; rather, it denotes an effort to live as near as possible in the Laestadian view to the Apostle's doctrines and practices.
As of 2011, significant concentrations of Laestadian adherents and churches which can trace their roots to Laestadianism exist in the following locales:MatSu Valley, Alaska
Glenwood Springs, Colorado
Lake Worth, Florida
Waukegan and Zion, Illinois
Calumet, Hancock, Houghton, and nearby towns in Michigan (the "Copper Country")
Detroit, Michigan (Northern suburbs)
Iron River, Michigan
Eben Junction, Michigan
Negaunee and Ishpeming, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota (Northwestern suburbs)
Dayton, Minnesota (Northwest Minneapolis exurb)
Deer River, Minnesota
Duluth, and Cloquet, Minnesota
Eagle Lake Township, Minnesota
Elk River, Minnesota
Menahga, Minnesota and surrounding area
New York Mills, Minnesota
New Ipswich, New Hampshire www.alcnewipswich.org
New York City (though small but has a community)
High Point, North Carolina
Dickinson, North Dakota
Greer, South Carolina
Hamlin County, South Dakota
Utah County, Utah (primarily south of Provo, Utah)
Battle Ground, Washington
Seattle, Washington (Northwestern suburbs)
Wilmington, North Carolina
Vanderhoof, British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
(additions welcome!) Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario which began in the home of Emil Tanninen who immigrated from Finland with his second wife and family in the 1950s. Leo Tanninen, son of Emil Tanninen, and his first wife who died went on to become lay pastor of the "Firstborn" congregation now located at the Old Apostolic Lutheran Church (OALC) on Fish Hatchery Road. For details on families that constituted the early OALC in Sault Ste. Marie see the History of Living Christianity in America.
American Laestadians practice varied degrees of fundamentalist Christian belief. Most Laestadians avoid alcohol; varying numbers of adherents avoid a number of "worldly" practices, including dancing, card-playing, cinema, television, popular music, and the performing arts (listed in approximate order of avoidance). However, caffeine is widely consumed and tobacco is generally tolerated, but preached against when under 18 as most states have laws against a minor from purchasing tobacco products. Family size tends to be large compared to the American average; most families in non-urban congregations have between 4 and 10 children, while most churches have a few families with 12 or 15 children. Birth control is generally not practiced; it is preached as sin unless after consideration and counsel with medical doctors it's determined to be necessary for the health of the mother. Birth control is not tolerated because it prevents a child from being born and each child is a gift from God.
Laestadian asceticism is distinguished from other American fundamentalist Christians in that none of the above-mentioned pastimes is officially proscribed; rather, Laestadians counsel each other and employ a reinforcing system of social feedback to encourage abstention. Active congregations provide social outlets in keeping with the beliefs of the church; nearly every weekend evening will find Laestadian teenagers congregating at one or another's home (get-togethers), preferably with adults present.
Laestadian churches, in keeping with the Holy Bible, teach that every human is a sinner and that every sin can be forgiven; forgiveness stems from the hearts of Laestadians, not from ceremony or hierarchy. Some Laestadians practice lay confession whereby a member confesses to another member; in the Heidemanian tradition, some vestige of this practice remains in the liturgy but confession is not widely practiced.
Some Laestadian congregations consider themselves the one, true Christian church, and preach that all other Christian churches (including other branches of the Laestadian tradition) are not true Christians.
American Laestadian churches provide services in Finnish to varying degrees; in some churches circa 2000, every service is bilingual, while in others only special occasions merit translation, and in yet others all preaching is done in English. In any case, a Laestadian may request to receive Communion in Finnish; another lay member of the congregation can deliver Communion if the pastor is not fluent. Communion is the only regularly practiced ceremony (performed once or twice a month, or every week, depending on congregation), and consists of unleavened wafers and wine (sometimes grape juice), delivered assembly-line fashion at a communion rail at the conclusion of Sunday services.
Teenagers undergo Confirmation around age 13 to 15, after which they are eligible for communion. Other significant life ceremonies are baptism (performed during the first months of life, and rarely for adult converts) and marriage.
The Old Apostolic Lutheran congregations hold annual Elder's Meetings, often combined with St. John's summer services, several days to one week long, with guest preachers delivering evening sermons each weekday and two or more church services on the bracketing Sundays. Elders (senior preachers) from Lapland are invited to teach. Many church members follow the elders as they travel across America visiting different congregations. Other Apostolic Lutheran bodies hold similar "big services," in which members of multiple congregations gather in one location to hear speakers from the United States and from Scandinavia (if they have a cooperating European counterpart).