| Zealand (Sjaelland)|
Koge ( or , older spelling Kjoge) is a seaport on the coast of Koge Bugt (Bay of Koge) 39 km southwest of Copenhagen. It is the principal town and seat of Koge Municipality, Region Sjaelland, Denmark. In 2015, the urban area had a population of 36,424.
The natural harbour and strategic location have given Koge a long history as a market town. Today, that past is evident in a well-preserved old town centre with many half-timbered houses.
Koge is in the Copenhagen metropolitan area and is connected to downtown Copenhagen by the E line of the S-train commuter rail system. Koge is also on a new rail line under construction between Copenhagen and Ringsted, and due for completion in 2018. The new line will make Koge a central hub in Denmarks transport system.
Like most Danish cities, the origins Koge precedes written history. Koge was first recognized as an official market town in 1288, as a contrast to the ecclesiastical center at that time – Roskilde, and was an important merchant town during the late Middle Ages.
During the local witchhunt, called Koge Huskors (1608–1615), at least 15 people were convicted of witchcraft and burned at the stake. Koge suffered during the wars between Denmark and Sweden (1643–1720). In 1807, the town and surrounding area was the scene of the Battle of Koge between British and Danish troops. Koge remained a small town until the late 19th century, when industrial development and population growth began. Today, Koge is the main part of the 18th largest urban area in Denmark.
Koge is located at the bottom of Bay of Koge, demarcated by Copenhagen to the north and the Stevns Peninsula to the south, where Koge A (Koge Creek) meets the sea.
Apart from Koge proper, the towns urban area consists of the suburbs of Koge Nord (Olby Lyng and Olsemagle Lyng) to the north and Hastrup and Herfolge to the south.
The port is directly connected with the Scandinavian Transport Centre, a large business park on the northwestern outskirts of Koge, where – among others – the headquarters and the Danish distribution centre of the multinational, Danish-founded, discount supermarket chain Netto is located.
The historical architecture of the town centre is one of the major attractions of Koge. The oldest dated half-timbered house in Denmark, which is also the oldest dated non-nobility and non-religious building of the nordic countries, can be found in Koge. It was built in 1527. Originally a section of a row of hovels, it is now a part of the public library. Pictures can be found in the gallery. The Third largest Viking Ring Fortress was found near the city of Koge, Denmark.
Near the house is Sankt Nicolai Church. The tower of the church contains a lighthouse, the first to be built in Denmark.
Koges town hall dates from 1552 and is the oldest town hall in Denmark still in use as such.
Koge Torv, the market square, is, with an area of almost 1 hectare (2.5 acres), the largest town square in Denmark outside Copenhagen and the largest and best-preserved medieval town square in Denmark. There are fair days on the square Wednesday and Saturday.
Kjoge Miniby (Kjoge Mini-Town) is a historically correct model of the town from the year 1865 – built to a scale of 1:10.