Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Kinch v Bullard

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Court  High Court
Citation(s)  [1998] 4 All ER 650, [1999] 1 WLR 423

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Kinch v Bullard [1998] 4 All ER 650 is an English land law case, concerning co-ownership of land and the conditions for severance of a joint tenancy.



Mr and Mrs Johnson, beneficial joint tenants, were getting divorced. Mrs Johnson was terminally ill. Mrs Johnson sent him a letter by ordinary first class post stating her intention to sever her interest. It was delivered, but before seeing it Mr Johnson suffered a heart attack. Mrs Johnson realised she was likely to outlive him, so she destroyed the letter. He died a few weeks later, and she died a few months later. Their executors brought an action to determine whether the notice was effective to sever (so if it did not, then Mrs Johnson’s will would have got the whole property).


Neuberger J held that the notice was effective. He noted counsel’s argument that because Mrs Johnson no longer, at that time, ‘desires to sever the joint tenancy’, the statutory precondition for giving valid notice was not there under section 36(2). This was wrong because the function of section 36(2) was not to bring the court to enquire into the parties’ state of mind. He said the following.

But it would be different if a withdrawal was communicated before a notice was ‘given’, and referred to Holwell Securities Ltd v Hughes. This was just, however, ‘no more than a tentative view.’


Kinch v Bullard Wikipedia