Kharazmi University (Persian: دانشگاه خوارزمی, formerly Teacher Training University Persian: دانشگاه تربیت معلم) is a major institution of higher education, offering a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in a variety of disciplines. Kharazmi University is considered as the oldest institution of higher education in Iran. It was established in 1919 as the Central Teachers' Institute and gained university status as Tarbiat Moallem University of Tehran in 1974. It changed its name to Kharazmi University on January 31, 2012. In 2015, the Iran University of Economic Science was merged into Kharazmi University as its faculty of management faculty of financial sciences and faculty of economics. The university has two main campuses, one is the central campus in Tehran, another is in the Hesarak area west of Karaj.
The first teacher training institution for primary schools in Iran was established as Darol-Mo'allemin Markazi (Central House of Teachers) in the building of the Culture Ministry in Takht-e-Zomorod area of Tehran in 1919. With the increase in the number of schools in Iran and the increasing need for trained teachers, Darol-Mo'allemin Markazi was developed into Darol-Mo'allemin Aali (Higher House of Teachers) at the Higher Council for Sciences in October 1926. In December 1927, the Iranian Parliament passed a law to modify the statute of the latter institution to support it further and help employ its graduates nationwide. From then on, Darol-Mo'allemin Aali was divided into the two major ‘scientific' and ‘literary' departments. In 1932 and with expansion of the courses offered, Darol-Mo'allemin Aali moved to Negarestan building, which had, as part of the Negarestan Garden, started its history as the summer residence of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, the second king of the Qajar dynasty in 1808. Darol-Mo'allemin Aali changed its name to Danesh-saraye-ali (Higher Training College) in 1933. In 1963, the government's board of ministers supplanted the Danesh-saraye-ali with the organization for Teacher Education and Educational Research. The organization was rebadged again as Danesh-saraye-ali, however, and came to be sponsored by the Ministry of Higher Education after the latter was founded in the country in 1967. In 1974, with the approval of the Council for the Expansion of Higher Education at the Ministry of Higher Education, Danesh-saraye-ali turned into Teacher Training University with its own dedicated board of trustees. The university was subsequently assigned with the task of developing teacher education programmes across the country and Danesh-saraye-alis or Higher Training Colleges were duly established in Zahedan, Sanandaj and Yazd and the Science Schools in Arak and Kashan were affiliated with Teacher Training University. The two final branches of the university were finally established in Sabzevar and Tabriz in 1987 and 1989 respectively.
In 1990, all the higher education institutions affiliated with or established by Teacher Training University were separated from and granted independence by the Council for the Expansion of Higher Education at the Ministry of Higher Education. The university changed its name to Kharazmi University January, 2012 to further expand and strengthen the educational and research activities at
the university, the University of Economic Sciences was incorporated into Kharazmi University according to the decision made on
15.03.2015 at the Council for the Expansion of Higher Education at the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology.
The Tehran Campus has as one of its attractions national the heritage building designed by the Russian-Iranian architect Nikolai Markov in the late 1920s—is located in an area of 2 square kilometers on South Mofatteh Ave. This place is located in central Tehran and it is the central core of the university's educational and research sections.
With the increase in the courses offered and the activities at the university generally the construction of a second campus started in 1977 in the city of Karaj, west of the province of Tehran. The Karaj Campus covers almost 200 hectares of land and it includes, in addition to a central administrative building, the buildings of the Faculty of Science, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Education and Literature and Faculty of Humanities as well as student dormitories, staff houses, recreational facilities and other installations. The university's board of trustees approved of the foundation of another independent campus in Tehran in Nov. 2012 with the purpose of further expanding the university's research and educational activities and boost the number of students admitted in its postgraduate programmes. The construction of purpose-built and dedicated buildings for the faculty of Chemistry, Psychology, Engineering and Life Science are soon to start.
The university has 5 deputy departments, 16 faculties, 4 research institutes, 4 research centers, and 2 national centers of research excellence. There are 450 members of academic staff: 40 professors, 90 associate professors, 287 assistant professors, and 33 instructors. There are more than 900 non-academic staff members.
The university has the following faculties and research centers·
· Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences
· Faculty of Physics
· Faculty of Mathematical Sciences and Computer
· Faculty of Geographical Sciences
· Faculty of Management
· Faculty of Psychology and Education
· Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
· Faculty of Biological Sciences
· Faculty of Earth Sciences
· Faculty of Chemistry
· Faculty of Literature and Languages
· Faculty of Engineering
· Faculty of Financial Sciences
· Faculty of Economics
· Faculty of Humanities and Social Science
· Faculty of art and architecture
· Institute for Educational Research
· Dr. Masaheb Institute for Mathematical Research
· Institute for foreign language research
· Bahar Institute for Persian language and literature research
· Research center of National Excellence for Spatial Analysis of Environmental disasters
· Research center of National Excellence for stress Psychology
· Plasma Research center
· Fundamental and applied Science Research center
· Human Kinetics Research center
· Comparative philosophy and Law Research centerInstitute for Educational Research: the institute was established in 1969 and its academic members of staff at present include one associate professor, one assistant professor and one instructor. It publishes a number of ISSN educational and research publications including The Educational Research Quarterly and The Education Index, a yearbook and yearbooks and indices of psychology and education. Dr. Mosaheb Institute for Mathematical Research: the institute was established in 1965; it is active in the fields of fundamental research in pure and applied mathematics, computer science and statistics at a global level, is in touch with mathematical research institutes in other countries, organizes scientific seminars and research workshops, publishes research done by the institute's scholars and educates scholars and instructors of mathematics for the universities across the country. Institute for Foreign Language Research: the institute carries out research projects in the area of languages and applied linguistics, develops the facilities necessary for the promotion and publication of research done by postgraduate students of languages at master's and Phd levels and publishes the biannual Iranian Journal of Applied Linguistics. Bahar Institute for Persian Language and Literature Research: the institute was established in 2004 and is active in the fields of Persian literature, language, writing and language skills and computer research in literature. It plans to develop an ISI-style database for scientific articles on Persian language, literature and culture, establish an electronic database for Persian texts. The institute is also concerned with the state of Persian language and literature teaching and evaluating research priorities in the field of Persian language and literature. Research Centers of National Excellence provide paradigms of organized research activity by select members of the academic staff of select universities in the country capable of carrying out high-profile scientific activity in applied or fundamental sciences. They focus and organize their activities in highly specialized fields to innovate and achieve scientific excellence in at the national, regional and international level to meet the country's urgent research needs.
Research Center of National Excellence for the Spatial Analysis of Environmental Disasters: The center deals with both human and natural disaters which would collectively include natural phenomena such as floods, storms, torrential rains, in- and out-of season freezing periods, spread of unknown and strange diseases and hundreds of disasters resulting from undue human activity.
Research Center of National Excellence for Stress Psychology The center was established in 2005 in accordance with the plan developed by the department of psychology at the university and approved by the relevant Research Centers of National Excellence across the country. It has the following objectives: Theoretical objectives: Scientific participation to develop boundaries of knowledge in the field and educating the required committed and experts to meet society's needs in this regard Executive objectives: this includes, among other objectives, the publication of two government-authorized research journals from 2007. Research centers.
Plasma Research Center: the center was established in 2005. It has received Ministry permission to work on the charged particles instrument and microwave lamps and plasma in the solid state. The center is at present active in the fields of plasma engineering, nanotechnology and space physics.
Fundamental and Applied Science Research Center: the center was established in 2005 to further take advantage of the capabilities and potentials in the fields of fundamental and applied sciences at the university and to help achieve the objectives of the fourth economic, social and cultural development for the expansion of research in the country. There are at present photonic and the solid state, cellular-molecular and genetic and paleontology and economic geology research departments at the center.
Human Kinetics Research Center: the center was established in 2006 with 11 members of academic staff. It is active in the following areas: -Development and expansion of research in Physical Education and Sports Sciences -Promotion of research activities in Physical Education and Sports Sciences to boost the general academic level and help theory and practice come together in the field -Cooperation with other research and educational centers in the areas of Physical Education and Sports Sciences to promote the quality of researches done in the field -Cooperation with other institutions and organizations involved directly or indirectly in sports for the people.
Comparative Philosophy and Law Research Center: the center was established in 2007 with Human rights, Comparative philosophy and Comparative Law departments. It has the following objectives: - Acquaintance with different viewpoints across the academic centers of the world in the fields of law and philosophy, transfer of global experiences in law and philosophy, particularly modern legal achievements in the world. -To present and compare Islam's legal and philosophical potentials and strengths with other schools of law and philosophy to develop a better understanding of our native legal and philosophical systems in scientific centers.