Katharina Galor (born 1966) is a German-born Israeli archaeologist specializing in ancient Israel-Palestine and Syria, mainly focusing on the Roman and Byzantine periods. She currently teaches at Brown University, affiliated with the Artemis A.W. and Martha Sharp Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World and the Program in Judaic Studies. Exploring the connections between the material record, ethnicity, and religious affiliation, she has worked on excavations within the Levant at Qumran, Sepphoris, Tiberias, and Jerusalem. Her publications entail topics ranging from the archaeological context of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls, the successive stages of habitation in ancient Jerusalem, town planning, water installations, mosaics, as well as sacred, civic and domestic architecture.
She also currently serves as the President of the American Institute of Archaeology, Narragansett Society. Galor has also directed major conferences that have sparked much controversy among both the archaeological community and the wider world. Taken from a news article on the mysterious Dead Sea Scrolls: "It was in the caves of Qumran in 1947 that two Bedouin shepherd boys discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls. While the mysteries of the scrolls have been largely resolved, numerous mysteries surrounding the settlement of Qumran remain. A group of the world’s leading archaeological scholars will gather at Brown University Nov. 17-19, 2002, to examine those unanswered questions. The Center for Old World Archaeology and Art will host “Qumran: The Site of the Dead Sea Scrolls,” the first international conference on the settlement". In 2006, Galor coordinated '"The Jerusalem Perspective: 150 Years of Archaeological Research", an international conference in which both Palestinian and Israeli archaeologists participated, putting aside the politics of the region to discuss the eternal city of Jerusalem .
Excavating at a number of sites in Italy, France, and Israel over the years, she currently co-directs the excavations at Apollonia-Arsuf, which is a joint Brown University-Tel Aviv University project. Her forthcoming book yet to be published, The Archaeology of Jerusalem: From the Early Beginnings through the Ottoman Period, serves as the first comprehensive survey of the material remains of the city of Jerusalem from the Bronze Age onward.The Archaeology of Jerusalem: From the Early Beginnings through the Ottoman Period, co-authored with Hanswulf Bloedhorn, Yale University Press (forthcoming, 2008)
From Antioch to Alexandria: Studies in Domestic Architecture during the Roman and Byzantine Periods, (eds.) Galor, K. and Waliszewski, T., in Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean (2007).
Qumran, The Site of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Archaeological Interpretations and Debates. Proceedings of the Conference held at Brown University, November 17–19, 2002, (eds.) K. Galor, J.-B. Humbert, J. Zangenberg, Brill (2006).
Crossing the Rift: Resources, Routes, Settlement Patterns and Interaction in the Wadi Arabah, Proceedings of the Conference held at the Fernbank Museum of Natural History in Atlanta, GA, November 19, 2003, (eds.) P. Bienkowski and K. Galor, in "British Academy Monographs in Archaeology", Oxford University Press (2006).
"Qumran's Plastered Pools: A New Perspective", Science and Archaeology at Khirbet Qumran and 'Ain Feshkha, vol. II, (eds.) Humbert, J.-B. and Gunneweg, J., Presses Universitaires de Fribourg (2003) 169-198.
"Wohnkultur im römisch-byzantinischen Palästina, in Zeichen aus Text und Stein. Studien auf dem Weg zu einer Archäeologie des Neuen Testaments",(eds.) Alkier, S. and Zangenberg, J., Tübingen/Basel, Tanz (2003) 183-208.
"Domestic Architecture in Roman and Byzantine Galilee and Golan", in Near Eastern Archaeology 66:1-2 (2003) 44-57.