Rahul Sharma (Editor)


Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit

Kapilvastu District


30,428 (2011)

Postal code

Lumbini Zone

Time zone
NST (UTC+5:45)

107 m

Local time
Friday 9:17 AM

Area code

Kapilavastu uploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsaa0Kapila

18°C, Wind NE at 3 km/h, 85% Humidity

Kapilavastu nepal royal palace of siddhartha gautam

Kapilavastu (Nepali; Pali: Kapilavatthu), more commonly known and referred to as Taulihawa, is a municipality and administrative center of Kapilvastu District in Province No. 5 of southern Nepal. Taulihawa is located roughly 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the south-west of Lumbini, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the birthplace of Gautama Buddha.


Map of Kapilvastu, Nepal

The municipality lies at an altitude of 107 metres (351 ft) above sea level on Nepal's southern border across from Uttar Pradesh state, India. There is a customs checkpoint for goods while movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals across the border is unrestricted.

In ancient times Kapilavastu was the capital city of the Shakya kingdom. King Śuddhodana and Queen Māyā are believed to have lived at Kapilavastu, as did their son Prince Siddartha Gautama until he left the palace at the age of 29.

Taulihawa had a population of 27,170 at the time of the 2001 Nepal census.

Lumbini and kapilavastu where buddha was born and raised


Buddhist sources present Kapila as a well-known Vedic sage whose students built the city of Kapilavastu. Buddhist texts such as the Pāli Canon claim that Kapilavastu was the childhood home of Gautama Buddha, on account of it being the capital of the Shakyas, over whom his father ruled.

The 19th-century search for the historical site of Kapilavastu followed the accounts left by Faxian and later by Xuanzang, who were Chinese Buddhist monks who made early pilgrimages to the site. Some archaeologists have identified the Tilaurakot archaeological site as the location for the historical site of Kapilavastu, the seat of governance of the Shakya state that would have covered the region. Both sites contain archaeological ruins.

Historical sites

There are many sites of historical interest in or very close to Kapilavastu, including:

  • Amaulikot
  • Arourakot Darbar
  • Bardahawa
  • Bargadawa Stupa
  • Bikulikot
  • Derwa Stupa
  • Dohanikot
  • Gotihawa, birthplace of Kakusandha Buddha, marked by an Ashoka pillar
  • Jagdishpur Reservoir
  • Kanthak Stupa
  • Kapilvastu Museum
  • Kopawa Stupa
  • Kudan (ruins of a Buddhist monastery where Buddha stayed when visiting Kapilavastu)
  • Lohasariya Stupa
  • Lumbini, birthplace of Gautama Buddha
  • Nigalikot, birthplace of Koṇāgamana Buddha, marked by an Ashoka pillar
  • Paltimai Temple
  • Pipara Stupa
  • Pipari
  • Premnagar Stupa
  • Rampur Siddhipur Stupa
  • Sagarahawa Reservoir
  • Sarkup Pokhari
  • Semara Shiv Mandir
  • Sihokhor Stupa
  • Siseniya Stupa
  • Tauleshwor Nath Mandir (Shree Tauleshwor Nath Mandir) is a devotional temple for Hindus. Many Hindus come here to worship Lord Shiva during the Maha Shivaratri festival.
  • Tilaurakot
  • Twin Stupa
  • References

    Kapilavastu Wikipedia