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Juniperus coahuilensis

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Higher classification


Scientific name
Juniperus coahuilensis


Juniperus coahuilensis Juniperus coahuilensis redberry juniper description

Juniperus durangensis, Juniperus barbadensis, Juniperus pinchotii, Juniper, Juniperus tibetica

Juniperus coahuilensis, commonly known as redberry juniper, is a species of conifer in the Cupressaceae family.



Juniperus coahuilensis Juniperus coahuilensis Redberry Juniper Southwest Desert Flora

The shrubby tree is found in northern Mexico and areas of the Southwestern United States within central and southeastern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and West Texas including Big Bend National Park.

Juniperus coahuilensis SEINet Arizona Chapter Detailed Collection Record Information

This species occurs in high desert grasslands at elevations of 1,200–2,000 metres (3,900–6,600 ft), in Bouteloua spp. grasslands and adjacent rocky areas. In Mexico, it can also occurs in canyons or and alluvial fans. In the Chihuahuan Desert and Sonoran Desert ecoregions, it often in association with Opuntia spp. and/or Yucca spp.


Juniperus coahuilensis hasbrouckasueduimglibseinetCupressaceae3Juni

Juniperus coahuilensis grows as a large shrubby tree up to 8 metres (26 ft) tall. It is usually multi-trunked. The bark is brown to gray, exfoliating in long strips on mature trunks and branches.

The leaves are green to light green, and have glands that can produce a white crystalline exudate.

Juniperus coahuilensis Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness Juniperus coahuilensis var

The cones are a fleshy glaucous yellow-orange to dark red, 6–7 millimetres (0.24–0.28 in) in diameter, and mature in one year.

Juniperus coahuilensis Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness Juniperus coahuilensis var

This species is unusual in that it sprouts from the stump when cut or burned, which has probably allowed it to remain in the grasslands in spite of periodic grass fires that kill all other juniper species.

Fossil record

Juniperus coahuilensis Plants Profile for Juniperus coahuilensis redberry juniper

The species is known to have been present during the Late Wisconsin Glacial Episode of the Last glacial period, in North American latitudes defined by fossils from the Waterman Mountains in present-day Arizona.


Juniperus coahuilensis Wikipedia