| Computer scientist|
| September 4, 1936 (age 79)
Tel Aviv, British Palestine
(now the State of Israel) (1936-09-04) |
Rutgers University, U.S.
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, U.S.
Vortex Theory of Superconductive Memories (1965)
Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference
Daniel Pearl, Tamara Pearl, Michelle Pearl
Stanford University, Rutgers University
Daniel Pearl, Mariane Pearl, Glenn Shafer, Trygve Haavelmo, David Rumelhart
Judea Pearl Wikipedia
Judea Pearl (born September 4, 1936) is an Israeli-American computer scientist and philosopher, best known for championing the probabilistic approach to artificial intelligence and the development of Bayesian networks (see the article on belief propagation). He is also credited for developing a theory of causal and counterfactual inference based on structural models (see article on causality). He is the 2011 winner of the ACM Turing Award, the highest distinction in computer science, "for fundamental contributions to artificial intelligence through the development of a calculus for probabilistic and causal reasoning".
Judea Pearl is the father of journalist Daniel Pearl, who was kidnapped and murdered by militants in Pakistan connected with Al-Qaeda and the International Islamic Front in 2002 for his American and Jewish heritage.
Judea Pearl was born in Tel Aviv, British Mandate for Palestine, in 1936 to Polish-immigrant parents and received a B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the Technion in 1960. In 1960 he emigrated to the United States. He received a Master's degree in Electrical Engineering from Newark College of Engineering (now known as New Jersey Institute of Technology) in 1961. He then received a master's degree in Physics from Rutgers University and a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the New York University Tandon School of Engineering (then Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn) in 1965. He worked at RCA Research Laboratories on superconductive parametric and storage devices and at Electronic Memories, Inc., on advanced memory systems. When semiconductors "wiped out" Pearl's work, as he later expressed it, he joined UCLA's School of Engineering in 1970 and started work on probabilistic artificial intelligence. He is one of the founding editors of the Journal of Causal Inference.
Pearl is currently a professor of computer science and statistics and director of the Cognitive Systems Laboratory at UCLA. He and his wife, Ruth, had three children. In addition, as of 2011, he is a member of the International Advisory Board of NGO Monitor.
On his religious views, Pearl states that he doesn't believe in God. He is very connected to Jewish traditions such as daily prayer, tefillin, and Kiddush on Friday night. In an interview with Heeb Magazine, he is "... trying to educate our children and live under God." His writings on morality focus on clarity between right and wrong. He believes that Jews have always expected a return to Israel as expressed in songs, prayers and holidays.
Emeritus Chief Rabbi, The Right Honourable Lord Jonathan Sacks quoted Judea Pearl's beliefs in a lesson on Judaism. "I asked Judea Pearl, father of the murdered journalist Daniel Pearl, why he was working for reconciliation between Jews and Muslims, he replied with heartbreaking lucidity, "Hate killed my son. Therefore I am determined to fight hate."
Former Israeli Chief Rabbi, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau, partnered with Judea Pearl in the documentary With My Whole Broken Heart.
In 2002, his son, Daniel Pearl, a journalist working for the Wall Street Journal was kidnapped and murdered in Pakistan, leading Judea and the other members of the family and friends to create the Daniel Pearl Foundation. On the seventh anniversary of Daniel's death, Judea wrote an article in the Wall Street Journal titled Daniel Pearl and the Normalization of Evil: When will our luminaries stop making excuses for terror?.
Judea Pearl was one of the pioneers of Bayesian networks and the probabilistic approach to artificial intelligence, and one of the first to mathematize causal modeling in the empirical sciences. His work is also intended as a high-level cognitive model. He is interested in the philosophy of science, knowledge representation, nonstandard logics, and learning. Pearl is described as "one of the giants in the field of artificial intelligence" by UCLA computer science professor Richard Korf. His work on causality has "revolutionized the understanding of causality in statistics, psychology, medicine and the social sciences" according to the Association for Computing Machinery.A summary of Pearl's scientific contributions is available in a chronological account authored by Stuart Russell (2012).
An annotated bibliography of Pearl's contributions was compiled by the ACM in 2012.
Heuristics, Addison-Wesley, 1984
Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems, Morgan-Kaufmann, 1988
Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference, Cambridge University Press, 2000
I Am Jewish: Personal Reflections Inspired by the Last Words of Daniel Pearl, Jewish Lights, 2004.
Causal Inference in Statistics: A Primer, (with Madelyn Glymour and Nicholas Jewell), Wiley, 2016. ISBN 978-1119186847
A previous survey: Causal inference in statistics: An overview, Statistics Surveys, 3:96–146, 2009.
List of papers on Pearl's personal website
"The Mathematics of Causal Inference: With Reflections on Machine Learning" Lecture from the Microsoft Research Machine Learning Summit, Paris, April 2013.
"Causes and Counterfactuals: Concepts, Principles and Tools" Tutorial from NIPS, December 2013.
"The Algorithmization of Counterfactuals" video of the Rumelhart Lecture given July 21, 2011.
"On Causes and Counterfactuals" video of a lecture given at a tribute symposium, March 12, 2010
Honorary Doctorate of Science degree received from the University of Toronto - commencement speech given June 21, 2007
"The Art and Science of Cause and Effect": a slideshow and tutorial lecture by Judea Pearl
Reasoning with Cause and Effect