Harman Patil (Editor)

Juazeiro

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Covid-19
Country  Brazil
State  Bahia
Founded  May 9th, 1833
Population  151,336 (2010)
Region  Northeast
Microregion  Juazeiro
Area  6,390 km²
Local time  Wednesday 12:22 AM
Juazeiro httpssmediacacheak0pinimgcomoriginalsa8
Mesoregion  Vale São-Franciscano da Bahia
Weather  27°C, Wind SE at 13 km/h, 50% Humidity
University  Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Juazeiro
Clubs and Teams  Sociedade Desportiva Juazeirense, Juazeiro Social Clube

Juazeiro, formerly also known as Joazeiro, is a municipality in the state of Bahia, in the northeastern region of Brazil. Its name comes from the juazeiro tree which grows in the region. The city is twinned with Petrolina, in the state of Pernambuco. The two cities are connected by a modern bridge crossing the São Francisco River. Together they form the metropolitan region of Petrolina-Juazeiro, an urban conglomerate of close to 500,000 inhabitants.

Contents

Map of Juazeiro - State of Bahia, Brazil

History

It was founded in 1833[1] and became a city on July 15, 1878.

Organization

Its city districts are Abóbora, Carnaíba, Itamotinga, Junco, Juremal, Massaroca, and Pinhões.

Climate

The annual average temperature is 24.2 °C. Although it lies on the São Francisco River and the Curaçá River, the climate of the city is semi-arid and it gets an annual precipitation of only 399 mm. For more detailed information on the climate see Petrolina. Juazeiro was at the center of an ongoing mosquito spread Zika virus outbreak in early 2016.

Transport

There are highway connections with several capitals of the Northeast and railroad connections to the coast are made by the Ferrovia Centro-Atlântica. The railroad connection ends at the fluvial port of Juazeiro.

Economy

Like its sister city Petrolina, Juazeiro has experienced great growth in the last decade due to the irrigation of the semi-arid soils with water from the São Francisco River. Fruit cultivation is important to such an extent that Juazeiro entitles itself "Capital of Irrigated Fruit", which is exported between the Petrolina Airport to USA and/or Europe. For more detailed information on the development of this fertile valley see the article on Petrolina.


Main agricultural products in planted area (2003):

  • bananas: 18 km²
  • coconut: 2.72 km²
  • guava: 2.5 km²
  • lemon: 2 km²
  • papaya: 0.45 km²
  • mango: 60 km²
  • passion fruit: 0.9 km²
  • grapes: 21 km²
  • sugarcane: 152.53 km²
  • onions: 3.4 km²
  • beans: 4.04 km²
  • manioc: 4.2 km²
  • watermelon: 4.5 km²
  • melon: 1.95 km²
  • tomato: 0.32 km²
  • Data is from IBGE

    Population

    Juazeiro is the birthplace of Brazil and Barcelona footballer Dani Alves, as well as the precursor of the bossa nova movement, guitarist/songwriter João Gilberto and the Latin Grammy Award-winning Brazilian singer Ivete Sangalo.

    References

    Juazeiro Wikipedia


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