Founded May 9th, 1833
Population 151,336 (2010)
Area 6,390 km²
Local time Wednesday 12:22 AM
|Mesoregion Vale São-Franciscano da Bahia|
Weather 27°C, Wind SE at 13 km/h, 50% Humidity
University Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Juazeiro
Clubs and Teams Sociedade Desportiva Juazeirense, Juazeiro Social Clube
Juazeiro, formerly also known as Joazeiro, is a municipality in the state of Bahia, in the northeastern region of Brazil. Its name comes from the juazeiro tree which grows in the region. The city is twinned with Petrolina, in the state of Pernambuco. The two cities are connected by a modern bridge crossing the São Francisco River. Together they form the metropolitan region of Petrolina-Juazeiro, an urban conglomerate of close to 500,000 inhabitants.
Map of Juazeiro - State of Bahia, Brazil
It was founded in 1833 and became a city on July 15, 1878.
Its city districts are Abóbora, Carnaíba, Itamotinga, Junco, Juremal, Massaroca, and Pinhões.
The annual average temperature is 24.2 °C. Although it lies on the São Francisco River and the Curaçá River, the climate of the city is semi-arid and it gets an annual precipitation of only 399 mm. For more detailed information on the climate see Petrolina. Juazeiro was at the center of an ongoing mosquito spread Zika virus outbreak in early 2016.
There are highway connections with several capitals of the Northeast and railroad connections to the coast are made by the Ferrovia Centro-Atlântica. The railroad connection ends at the fluvial port of Juazeiro.
Like its sister city Petrolina, Juazeiro has experienced great growth in the last decade due to the irrigation of the semi-arid soils with water from the São Francisco River. Fruit cultivation is important to such an extent that Juazeiro entitles itself "Capital of Irrigated Fruit", which is exported between the Petrolina Airport to USA and/or Europe. For more detailed information on the development of this fertile valley see the article on Petrolina.
Main agricultural products in planted area (2003):
Data is from IBGE
Juazeiro is the birthplace of Brazil and Barcelona footballer Dani Alves, as well as the precursor of the bossa nova movement, guitarist/songwriter João Gilberto and the Latin Grammy Award-winning Brazilian singer Ivete Sangalo.