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Johora singaporensis

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Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Malacostraca
Family  Potamidae
Scientific name  Johora singaporensis
Rank  Species
Subphylum  Crustacea
Infraorder  Brachyura
Genus  Johora
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Decapoda
Johora singaporensis httpsrafflesmuseumfileswordpresscom201209
Similar  Johora, Atelopus balios, Telmatobufo bullocki, Decapoda, Red‑finned blue‑eye

Brs 2014 conservation challenges and action for johora singaporensis mr ng


Johora singaporensis, the Singapore stream crab or Singapore freshwater crab, is a critically endangered species of freshwater crab endemic to Singapore. It grows to a size of 30 millimetres (1.2 in) wide.

Contents

Johora singaporensis Help us take Johora singaporensis off IUCN39s 100 most threatened

Ecology

Johora singaporensis taxo4254 Johora singaporensis

J. singaporensis lives in streams running through undisturbed forest, where it hides under rocks at the stream's edge, or inside aggregations of leaves and detritus. It is mostly nocturnal, feeding on detritus and oligochaete worms which live in the muddy stream bed.

Distribution

Johora singaporensis FIB Lab Daniel

J. singaporensis only lives in Singapore, and has only ever been recorded from two locations. One of these was inside Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, but that population is believed to have been extirpated, as recent surveys have failed to find any examples there. The second population is outside the nature reserve at Bukit Batok, partly on private land, and partly on military land. Acidification of the first stream may have caused the first population to die out, while a lowering of the water table in the second stream threatens the second population.

Johora singaporensis That uniquely Singaporean crab disappearing fast Johora

J. singaporensis is one of three freshwater crabs that are endemic to Singapore. The others are Irmengardia johnsoni, and the critically endangered Parathelphusa reticulata.

Phylogeny

The relatives of J. sinaporensis in the genus Johora are found across the Straits of Johor on the adjacent Malay Peninsula and some offshore islands, making J. singaporensis the southernmost species in the genus. It probably forms the sister group to a clade comprising J. tiomanensis, J. counsilmani, J. murphyi, J. johorensis, J. gapensis and J. intermedia, from which it separated about 5 million years ago, at a time when the eustatic changes in global sea level may have opened up a land bridge to Singapore.

Status

Johora singaporensis Clawing for Survival The Singapore Freshwater Crab

Johora singaporensis is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as Critically Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii), which refer to the small size of the remaining populations and the ongoing deterioration of the habitat. The species' restriction to a single small island is likely to have increased the threat of extinction. In 2012, it was included among the world's 100 most threatened species, in a report by the IUCN Species Survival Commission and the Zoological Society of London.

References

Johora singaporensis Wikipedia


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