| John Hargrove|| Orca trainer|
| Beneath the Surface: Killer Whales, SeaWorld, and the Truth Beyond Blackfish|
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Gabriela Cowperthwaite, Jeffrey Ventre, Jeff Beal
John Hargrove (orca trainer) Wikipedia
John Hargrove is a former Senior killer whale trainer for SeaWorld and supervisor of Killer Whale Training for Marineland in the South of France, who appeared in the 2013 documentary Blackfish and has since gone on to support legislation in California and New York to end the practice of keeping killer whales in captivity.
After seeing his first Shamu killer whale show at SeaWorld Orlando, Hargrove, who grew up in Orange, Texas, envisioned a career as a killer whale trainer. In 1993, while attending the University of Houston, Hargrove, at age 20, was hired as an apprentice trainer at SeaWorld San Antonio. In 1995 was transferred to SeaWorld in California, where he worked until 2001, ultimately being promoted to a Senior Trainer at Shamu Stadium. Immediately after resigning from SeaWorld California, Hargrove was hired by Marineland in France until 2003. In France Hargrove conditioned and performed in-water interactions with orcas that had never been in the water with trainers before. He then left the industry until March 2008, when he returned to SeaWorld in San Antonio where he was promoted to a Senior 1 trainer at Shamu Stadium. He worked there until resigning in August 2012.
As of 2015, Hargrove resides in New York City.
Seven days after resigning from SeaWorld, Hargrove was interviewed for the documentary Blackfish. In the film, he speaks about his career training killer whales and his belief that these whales are not suitable for captivity.
After promoting Blackfish, Hargrove was asked to co-sponsor the Orca Welfare and Safety Act proposed by Democrat Assemblymen Richard Bloom. Hargrove testified on April 8, 2014 before the California State Assembly. in May 2014, Hargrove was invited by New York State Senator Greg Ball and Assemblyman James Tedisco to Albany to speak at the fourth annual New York State Animal Advocacy Day.
Hargrove is the author of a memoir, Beneath the Surface, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2015. Howard G. Chua-Eoan co-authored the book, which covers Hargrove's experiences with orca at SeaWorld and in nature. It reached #18 on The New York Times nonfiction hardcover best-seller list.
SeaWorld increased its criticism of Hargrove after the book was published, saying Hargrove quit after being disciplined for a severe safety violation while at SeaWorld. SeaWorld also forwarded to reporters a five-year-old cell phone video of an intoxicated Hargrove using the racist slur "nigger". Hargrove accused SeaWorld of conducting a "smear campaign" against him to distract from the issue of killer whales in captivity. He later apologized for the language in the video. Hargrove said the "severe safety violation" was only a delay in notifying supervisors after he corrected another employee's error, and that his leaving SeaWorld was unrelated to it. On November 9, 2015 PETA presented Hargrove its Courage of Conviction Award for revealing SeaWorld's treatment of captive orcas. Days later, Hargrove's memoir was optioned for film by producers Michael K. Snyder and Rachel K. Stotts through Crash Films.