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João Pessoa, Paraíba

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Covid-19
Country  Brazil
Elevation  40 m (130 ft)
Postal Code  58000-000
Local time  Tuesday 7:23 PM
State  Paraíba
Time zone  BRT (UTC-3)
Area code(s)  +55 83
Population  720,954 (2010)

Weather  26°C, Wind E at 8 km/h, 84% Humidity
Points of interest  Estação Cabo Branco, Parque Arruda Câmara, Cabo Branco Lighthouse, Parque Sólon de Lucena, Espaço Cultural José Lins

João Pessoa ([ʒʊˈɐ̃w peˈsoɐ]) is the capital of the state of Paraíba in Brazil. It was founded in 1585 and it is also known as the city where the sun rises first, because it is the easternmost city in the Americas at 34° 47′ 38″ W, 7° 9′ 28″ S. Its easternmost point is known as Ponta do Seixas. The city is considered "the second greenest in the world", with more than 7 square kilometres (2.7 sq mi) of forested land, second only to Paris, France.

Contents

Map of Jo%C3%A3o Pessoa, Para%C3%ADba, Brazil

It is the state's largest city, with a estimated population of 801,718 of inhabitants. Its metropolitan area comprises eight other satellite cities (Bayeux, Cabedelo, Conde, Lucena, Santa Rita, and others), totalling 1,223,000 of inhabitants.

The new "Estação Ciência, Cultura e Artes" (Science, Culture and Art Station), located at the most eastern point of the Americas (Ponta das Seixas), is both an educational and cultural institution as well as a national landmark. The complex, inaugurated in 2008, was created by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and is one of his last projects.

History

João Pessoa is the third oldest city in Brazil.

Environment

João Pessoa has a 20 kilometres (12 mi) beachfront.

João Pessoa has many green areas distributed among its avenues, parks, and residential neighborhoods, which support its claim as "the second greenest city in the world" with more than 7 square kilometres (2.7 sq mi) of forested land, second only to Paris. It was considered thus in 1992 after a survey of urban centres in various countries carried out by the United Nations (source: Embassy of Brazil in the UK).

Climate

Joao Pessoa has a tropical rainforest climate with very warm temperatures all year long and strong rainfall in most of the months. October to December have a rather low rainfall, which means the city has characteristics of a tropical savannah climate.

Demographics

According to the IBGE of 2009, there were 702,000 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 45.72% White, 38.72% Pardo (two or more races), 2.77% Black, and 0.25% Asian or Amerindian.

Religion

Source: IBGE 2000.

International airport

Joao Pessoa is served by Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport.

Economy

The GDP for the city was R$ 5,024,604,000 (2005).

The per capita income for the city was R$ 7,604 (2005).

Museums

Source:

  • Museu Sacro e de Arte Popular, within the São Francisco church.
  • Espaço Cultural José Lins do Rego. A cultural centre including history and science museums.
  • City Museum. The former Casa da Pólvora, an old gunpowder store.
  • Museu Fotográfico Walfredo Rodríguez.
  • Sports

    João Pessoa provides visitors and residents with various sport activities.

  • José Américo de Almeida Filho Stadium
  • Botafogo Futebol Clube
  • References

    João Pessoa, Paraíba Wikipedia


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