Tripti Joshi


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Country  China
Population  478,651 (2000)
Province  Fujian

Jianou in the past, History of Jianou

Map of Jianou

Jian'ou (simplified Chinese: 建瓯; traditional Chinese: 建甌; pinyin: Jiàn'ōu; Kienning Romanized: Gṳ̿ing-é) is a county-level city of Nanping in the north of Fujian province, China.


Jian'ou is within a major rice-growing area. It is located on the Jianxi Brook, about 70 kilometres (43 mi) south from Jianyang. It is famous as the producing area of bamboo.


Jian'ou was formerly called Kenō, that is, it was the governmental seat of Jianning prefecture. This prefecture and that of Fuzhou were the earliest-established component territories of the province that came to group them, and thus bears their conjoined names: Fu + Jian (福 + 建).

At one time, it was the capital of Fujian. It was the capital of Yin Country in AD 943.

Jian'ou was visited by Marco Polo in 1291, CE, on his way from Hangzhou to Quanzhou. In his account Il Milione, dictated seven years later to a scribe writing in Old French, the name Jianning-fu is romanised Quenlinfu. The city is, he says,

"of considerable size, and contains three very handsome bridges, upwards of a hundred paces in length and eight paces in width. The men of the place are very handsome, and live in a state of luxurious ease. There is much raw silk produced here and it is manufactured into silk pieces of various sorts. Cottons are also woven of coloured threads, which are carried for sale to every part of the province of Mangi. The people employ themselves extensively, and export quantities of ginger and galangal. I have been told, but did not myself see the animal, that there are found at this place a species of domestic fowls which have no feathers, their skins being clothed with black hair, resembling the fur of cats. Such a sight must be extraordinary. They lay eggs like other fowls, and they are good to eat. The multitude of tigers renders traveling through the country dangerous, unless a number of persons go in company."

4 Subdistricts

Ouning Street Office (瓯宁街道): Qilijie Village, Shuixi Village

Zhishan Street Office (芝山街道): Xida Village, Haodong Village, Mawen Village

Jian'an Street Office (建安街道): Dong'an Village, Dongmen Village, Qianjie Community

Tongji Street Office (通济街道): Sanmen Village, Nanmen Village, Dongxi Village, Qiaonan Community, Nanmen Community, Taozhu Community

10 Towns

Xudun (徐墩镇): Datan Village, Jiukuang Village, Lingtou Village, Hutang Village, Shanbian Village, Xiadui Village, Fengle Village, Fudun Village, Beijin Village, Dongbian Village, Guizong Village, Yefang Village, Changting Village, Xudun Village, Wanshou Community

Jiyang (吉阳镇): Guili Village, Julikou Village, Huangfu Village, Dafu Village, Qiaoxi Village, Zhangkeng Village, Shengli Village, Xinqiao Village, Caodun Village, Zhaidun Village, Yuxi Village, Jiyang Village

Fangdao (房道镇)

Dongyou (东游镇)

Xiaoqiao (小桥镇)

Yushan (玉山镇)

Nanya (南雅镇): Fangcun Village

Dikou (迪口镇)

Xiaosong (小松镇)

Dongfeng (东峰镇)

4 Townships

Chuanshi (川石乡)

Shunyang (顺阳乡)

Shuiyuan (水源乡)

Longcun (龙村乡)


  • Railway: Hengfeng–Nanping Railway, Hefei-Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
  • Highway: G205, G25 Changchun-Shenzhen Expressway, G3 Beijing–Taipei Expressway
  • Coach Station: Jian'ou Station
  • Specialty

  • Fangcun Kompia (房村光饼)
  • Xiaosong Bianrou (小松扁肉): originated from Hutou Village, Xiaosong Town
  • Fumao Cellar Spirit (福矛窖酒)
  • Zhuili chestnut (建瓯锥栗)
  • Pressed salted duck (建瓯板鸭)
  • Notable Person

  • Li Qiumei
  • References

    Jian'ou Wikipedia

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