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Jeshm Afet Hanimefendi

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Name  Jeshm Hanimefendi
Children  Melek Tourhan
House  Muhammad Ali dynasty
Spouse  Isma'il Pasha
Died  November 11, 1907

Jeshm Afet Hanimefendi

Issue  Melek Tourhan (adoptive)
Religion  Orthodox Christian at birth, converted to Islam after her capture
Place of burial  Al-Rifa'i Mosque, Cairo, Egypt
Similar People  Hussein Kamel of Egypt, Prince Kamal el Dine Hus, Princess Farial of Egypt, Isma'il Pasha, Princess Fadia of Egypt

Jeshm Afet Hanim (Arabic: جشم آفت هانم‎‎; Turkish: Çeşm İfet Hanım) was the Princess consort of Khedive Isma'il Pasha of Egypt. She was the adoptive mother of the future Sultana of Egypt Melek Tourhan.

Contents

Biography

Jesh Afet Hanimefendi was born in Circassia in 1830.She was captured during one of the raids and sold into slavery.She arrived in the Harem of Isma'il Pasha as a concubine.However,Ismai'l Pasha freed her and married her legally in 1863, the same year he ascended the throne, and she was given the title of the Third Princess. Al-Tahtawi’s book on the education of women, titled al-Murshid al-Amin lil Banat wa al-Banin (the faithful guide for girls and boys) published in 1873, was commissioned by Khedive Ismail after Jeshm Afet Hanim, used her own money to establish the first general public school for girls at al-Suyufiya in 1873, which claimed additional fame to her.

The genealogy of the dynasty revealed that Jeshm Afet had no children of her own, which might explain her interest in the education of young girls. Hasan Tourhan Pasha, a captain in the Ottoman Navy offered an adoption of his daughter Melek, in order to improve her lot in life. Melek was adopted by Jeshm Afet, during the 1870s. While they lost touch with each other following the exile of Khedive Ismail, when Melek Hanim became the second wife of Prince Husein Kamel in 1887 returning to Egypt with him, she resumed her acquaintance and a relationship with Aisha Taymur. There was no doubt that the relationship between Jeshm Afet Hanim and Taymur was shaped by their mutual interest in women's education and poetry that reflected the changing interests and concerns of some royal and upper-class women beyond mothering and feminine crafts.

Jeshm Afet Hanimefendi died on 11 November 1907, and was buried at the Khedival Mausoleum, Al-Rifa'i Mosque, Cairo, Egypt.

Titles and styles

  • 1863 - 2 March 1895: Her Highness The third Princess.
  • References

    Jeshm Afet Hanimefendi Wikipedia