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James Glaisher

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Nationality  English
Name  James Glaisher
Fields  Meteorology

James Glaisher The Pandora Society September 5th 1862 Setting New
Born  7 April 1809 (1809-04-07)
Died  February 7, 1903, Croydon, United Kingdom
Education  Trinity College, Cambridge
Children  James Whitbread Lee Glaisher
Similar People  Wilfrid de Fonvielle, Gaston Tissandier, Camille Flammarion

James Glaisher FRS (7 April 1809 – 7 February 1903) was an English meteorologist, aeronaut and astronomer.

Contents

James Glaisher httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Life

James Glaisher DateiJames Glaisher Meterologejpg Wikipedia

Born in Rotherhithe, the son of a London watchmaker, Glaisher was a Junior assistant at the Cambridge Observatory from 1833 to 1835 before moving to the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, where he served as Superintendent of the Department of Meteorology and Magnetism at Greenwich for thirty-four years.

James Glaisher James Glaisher et Henry Tracey Coxwell aronautes

In 1845, Glaisher published his dew point tables, for the measurement of humidity. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in June 1849.

James Glaisher Those Magnificent Men Balloons James Glaisher

He was a founder member of the Meteorological Society (1850) and the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain (1866). He was president of the Royal Meteorological Society from 1867 to 1868. Glaisher was elected a member of The Photographic Society, later the Royal Photographic Society, in 1854 and served as the Society's President for 1869–1874 and 1875–1892. He remained a member until his death.

James Glaisher James Glaisher et Henry Tracey Coxwell aronautes

He is most famous, however, as a pioneering balloonist. Between 1862 and 1866, usually with Henry Tracey Coxwell as his co-pilot, Glaisher made numerous ascents to measure the temperature and humidity of the atmosphere at its highest levels. His ascent on 5 September 1862 broke the world record for altitude, but he passed out around 8,800 metres before a reading could be taken. One of the pigeons making the trip with him died. Estimates suggest that he rose to more than 9,500 metres and as much as 10,900 metres above sea-level.

Glaisher lived at 22 Dartmouth Hill, Blackheath, London, where there is a blue plaque in his memory. He died in Croydon, Surrey in 1903, aged 93.

Family

In 1843 he married Cecilia Louisa Belville, a daughter of Henry Belville, Assistant at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. James and Cecilia Glaisher had two sons, Ernest Glaisher and the mathematician James Whitbread Lee Glaisher (1848–1928), and one daughter.

Recognition

A lunar crater is named after him. The name was approved by the IAU in 1935.

References

James Glaisher Wikipedia


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