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Jack Torrance

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Created by  Stephen King
First appearance  The Shining
Creator  Stephen King
Species  Human, Ghost
Jack Torrance 1000 images about The Shining on Pinterest Maze Jack o39connell
Last appearance  Doctor Sleep (novel) (as a ghost)
Portrayed by  Jack Nicholson(1980 film) Steven Weber(1997 miniseries)
Powers and Abilities  Psychic powers Been able to see ghosts
Age  29 years old (at the time of his death)
Full name  John Daniel Edward Torrance
Relative  Doctor Sleep (granddaughter)
Played by  Jack Nicholson, Steven Weber
Movies and TV shows  The Shining, The Shining Forwards, Terror in the Aisles
Similar  Danny Torrance, Wendy Torrance, Dick Hallorann, Norman Bates, Annie Wilkes

John Daniel Edward "Jack" Torrance is the main antagonist of Stephen King's horror novel The Shining (1977). He was portrayed by Jack Nicholson in the novel's 1980 movie adaptation and by Steven Weber in the 1997 miniseries. The American Film Institute rated the character (as played by Nicholson) the 25th greatest film villain of all time. In 2008, Jack Torrance was selected by Empire Magazine as one of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters. Premiere Magazine also ranked Torrance on their list of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.

Contents

Jack Torrance Jack Torrance Wikipedia

He is married to Wendy Torrance, the father of Daniel Torrance and Lucy Stone and grandfather of Abra Stone.

Jack Torrance jack torrance unofficial iphone wallpaper from the stanl Flickr

In novel

Jack Torrance Influential Film Performances Jack Nicholson as Jack Torrance in

Jack Torrance grew up in Stovington, Vermont, where his father worked in the Regional Community Hospital. He is a writer and former teacher whose alcoholism, drug abuse, sexual appetite and volatile temper cost him his teaching position at a small preparatory school and nearly ended his marriage to Wendy Torrance. He gives up the drinking and drug abuse after breaking his son Danny's arm in a blind rage and promises Wendy that she can leave him if he ever drinks or uses again. He accepts a position maintaining the isolated Overlook Hotel in Colorado for the winter, hoping this will salvage his family, re-establish his career, and give him the time and privacy to finish a promising play. He moves to the hotel with Wendy and Danny, who is telepathic and sensitive to supernatural forces. Danny receives guidance from an imaginary friend he calls "Tony". Danny is also comforted by meeting the hotel's kindly cook, Dick Hallorann, who shares Danny's telepathic abilities.

It is later revealed that Jack's father, also an alcoholic and sex addict, was abusive towards his family. A flashback scene in the novel shows his drunk father brutally bashing Jack's mother with a cane.

The Hotel is haunted by the ghosts of those who died violently within it and is itself host to a being of unknown origin, who wishes to coerce Jack into killing Danny. Apparently, the Hotel believes if it can harness the boy's "shining", then it can gather enough power to "break free" of the building in which it has somehow become trapped. Jack has encounters with ghosts of previous staff of the hotel, who insist he had always been working there and he must kill his family, Jack eventually succumbs to these supernatural forces, as well as his drinking, drug, and sex problems, and grows to hate his own wife and child.

Jack cuts off all radio communications and sabotages the hotel snowmobile, their only means of transportation. He then tries to kill Wendy, who knocks him out and locks him in a storage room. Jack is later helped out of the food storage room by the ghost of the previous caretaker, who murdered his own family before committing suicide.

Jack then brutally attacks Wendy with a roque mallet he found, although she escapes. He is interrupted by the arrival of Hallorann, whom he almost beats to death.

Jack finds and confronts Danny, and is about to kill him when his son reaches through the hotel's power and redeems his father. Remembering how much he loves his son, Jack allows Danny, Wendy, and Hallorann to escape, moments before the hotel's boiler explodes, killing him.

In the sequel novel Doctor Sleep (2013), Danny (now going by Dan) learns that Jack is also the biological father of Lucy Stone, a woman whose daughter Abra has manifested shining abilities even stronger than Dan's. Shortly before he was fired from his teaching position, and unbeknownst to Wendy, Jack had a brief sexual encounter with a student teacher at a party that led to Lucy's conception. Dan is thus Lucy's half-brother and Abra's half-uncle. This book gives Jack's middle name as Edward rather than Daniel.

In the climax of the novel, Jack's ghost intervenes to help Dan and Abra defeat the main villain, at the site where the Overlook once stood. After the battle, Jack blows a goodbye kiss to his now grown son.

In film

Jack Torrance (played by Jack Nicholson) is portrayed in a less sympathetic manner in the 1980 film. In the novel, Jack is a tragic hero whose shortcomings lead to his defeat, while the film implies that he is insane from the start. The film also leaves out Jack's traumatic childhood.

The film's first major deviation from the source material occurs when Jack attacks Hallorann. In the film, instead of merely injuring him with the mallet, Jack kills Hallorann by planting an axe in his chest.

In the film, Jack hears Danny scream and chases his son to a hedge maze outside the hotel, while in the novel, topiary animals come to life and threaten Danny. In the film, Danny walks backwards in his own footprints to mislead Jack, then jumps to a side path and slips out of the maze.

In the film, Wendy and Danny escape the hotel in Hallorann's Snowcat, while Jack gets lost trying to pick up Danny's tracks, sits down to rest, and freezes to death. This is in contrast to the book, in which Hallorann (whom Jack kills in the film), Wendy and Danny all escape minutes before Jack is killed by the boiler explosion.

The film ends featuring an old photograph of a dance at the hotel from the 1920s that shows Jack at the event.

In the miniseries

Author Stephen King was unhappy with some liberties that the 1980 film director Stanley Kubrick took with the novel and decided to produce a three-part miniseries depicting his own vision of the story. While well received by King fans, the miniseries received mixed reviews from critics.

In King's miniseries version, Jack Torrance is presented more sympathetically than in Kubrick's film. Torrance in the King miniseries is similar to the character in the novel, but the ending is changed. In the book, Jack redeems himself, and the boiler explodes due to the hotel's negligence. In the miniseries, Jack sacrifices himself by causing the boiler to explode in order to destroy the hotel.

The miniseries ends with a scene not in the book: Danny graduates from high school, while his spectral father looks on. It is revealed that Danny's imaginary friend "Tony" is, in fact, Danny from the future communicating with his past self, a point briefly touched upon in the book but omitted from the Kubrick film.

References

Jack Torrance Wikipedia


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