Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy (Romanian: Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie "Iuliu Hațieganu", or UMF Cluj) in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, is the oldest medical education institution in Transylvania, a continuation of the Faculty of Medicine which was founded in 1919, as a part of the Superior Dacia University. The university has over 6,000 national and international students, 2,400 resident physicians, as well as over 1,100 teachers and researchers. It was named in honor of scientist Iuliu Hațieganu. The university is classified as an "advanced research and education university" by the Ministry of Education , and the most prestigious of its kind in Romania, as part of the most advanced University of Romania and northern Balkans Babeș-Bolyai .
Higher education in Cluj dates from 1581. University life gradually developed, outlining various fields and specialties of study. Among them, medicine has played an essential part. Thus, in 1775 was established the Medical-Surgical School in Cluj. Here was teacher the well-known oculist Ioan Piuariu-Molnar, also the first titrated Romanian doctor. In 1816, the medical-surgical school was transformed in the Medical-Surgical High School.
The Hungarian Faculty of Medicine was founded at the very beginning of existence of Franz Joseph University in Cluj, namely in 1872. Between 1888 and 1901 were built the clinics and institutes of the Faculty, located on Mikó Street (nowadays known as Clinics' Street).
Soon after the Great Union of Transylvania with Romania, medical and pharmaceutical education has witnessed a major transformation. In 1919 was established the Romanian Faculty of Medicine, as part of Superior Dacia University. The first dean and organizer of the Faculty was Iuliu Hațieganu, which was subsequently rector magnificus of this university. Due to his initiative, were created new disciplines, as: medical semiology, radiology, stomatology and history of medicine, which were premieres in Romanian medical education. By the same time, professor Gheorghe Bilașcu founded at Cluj the first discipline of stomatology in Romania. Between 1919 and 1934 the Faculty of Medicine included an important department of pharmacy, founded and chaired by professor Gheorghe Pamfil. Four years later, in 1938, was inaugurated the Palace of University Clinics.
A turning point in medical and pharmaceutical education was reached in 1948, when it became an independent Medico-Pharmaceutical Institute, organised into five different faculties: General Medicine, Pediatrics, Stomatology, Pharmacy and Hygiene – the latter being active only during a single decade. The Faculty of Medicine had the largest share.
Since 1990, medical and pharmaceutical education at Cluj-Napoca evolved at a rapid pace. The same year, the Medico-Pharmaceutical Institute has changed its name into the University of Medicine and Pharmacy. The iconic figure of Iuliu Hațieganu has been added to the university's name in 1992.
Celebrating 90 years of Romanian medical education in Cluj, UMF Cluj inaugurated in 2009 the Valeriu Bologa Museum of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy in Cluj, located on Avram Iancu Street 31.
After the dramatic political, economical, and social changes that took place in Romania in 1989, the university has undergone significant changes in its image and organization. The spiritual life has become more dynamic, the logistic support a lot more substantial, and the methods have been improved and modernized. Each member of the teaching staff has benefited by participation in international conventions, trainings in new techniques, in a Western European country or the United States.
In a large degree, owed to the great raise in the number of admissions of foreign students, the Faculty of Medicine of the Cluj-Napoca University of Medicine and Pharmacy has become an international institution, with a significant increase in the number of students registering in a post-graduate program.
The education spaces have been modernized and several others have been built. Students of the Faculty of Medicine have the opportunity to study under the most modern conditions, as well as to participate at courses that are held in well-equipped lecture rooms.
The Faculty of Medicine offers study programs at bachelor, master, doctoral and residency degree, as well as continuing medical training. The four programs of study at undergraduate level are:Medicine – university studies lasting six years
Nursing – university studies lasting four years
Radiology and Medical Imaging – university studies lasting three years
Balneophysiokinetotherapy and Recovery – university studies lasting three years
Within the Faculty of Medicine are 13 master's programs, studies lasting one or two years.
The Faculty of Medicine is divided into 12 departments and 69 disciplines:Morphological sciences
Mother and child
The Faculty of Dentistry has the largest tradition of the faculties, as it was the first department of medical education that was established in the country.
The Faculty of Dentistry is divided into four departments and 13 disciplines:Maxillofacial surgery and radiology
Prosthetics and dental materials
The Faculty of Pharmacy has been the second faculty intended for higher medical education which has been founded in Cluj, following the Great Union. It is known for its positive dynamic constancy, that has been created due to the remarkable increase of Romanian and foreign students, as well as the rich diversity of the education methods.
The Faculty of Pharmacy is divided into four departments and 21 disciplines:Fundamental sciences with pharmaceutical direction
Biology and natural products
Medicine action and analysis
Medicine preparation and legislation
Medicalis is the annual conference for medical students and young doctors organised by the Medical Students' Organization and the Faculty of Medicine. Medicalis, which attracts over 800 national and international participants each year, focuses in medical sciences of all fields. The conference, which includes five sections for oral presentations, a section for poster presentations, workshops and lectures by experienced speakers, as well as a pleasant social program, has been one of the most popular conferences for medical students and young doctors in Romania.
Scientific research represents one of the missions assumed through UMF Cluj. Research activities are run in all disciplines and departments of the university, and financial support is ensured by grants and research contracts. The effort of teaching staff collectives and the institutional frame has been improved after the creation of the Department for Research and Development. UMF Cluj has two excellence centers and seven research centers in the university.
The Clujul Medical magazine (official website here) publishes four issues every year, with original articles, articles regarding clinical or fundamental research, literature synthesis, papers on standardization, tutorials, letters to the editor, book reviews, advertisements for professional events, as well as other materials that are left to the editorial board's discretion. Clujul Medical was founded in February 1920, as the journal of the Medical School in Cluj, and appeared almost without interruption.
Iuliu Hațieganu own publishing house, which was established in 1998, has released over 400 titles of professional books and eight new titles of medical journals.
Valeriu Bologa, the library of UMF Cluj which was established in 1949, is a member of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries. It has over 300,000 books and journals in Romanian, English and French and over 6,000 subscribed members. The director of the library is Andrei Achimaș.Gheorghe Bilașcu (1863–1926), stomatologist
Emil Racoviță (1868–1947), savant, explorer, speleologist, biologist and founder of biospeleology
Iacob Iacobovici (1879–1959), surgeon and professor
Iuliu Moldovan (1882–1966), physician and discoverer of reticulin
Iuliu Hațieganu (1885–1959), physician
Victor Papilian (1888–1956), physician, writer and professor
Lucian Valeriu Bologa (1892–1971), physician and historian of medicine
Salvator Cupcea (1908–1958), psychologist, physician and politician
Octavian Fodor (1913–1976), physician