Iten is a town in Elgeyo-Marakwet County in the republic of Kenya. Iten serves the as the capital and largest town of Elgeyo-Marakwet County.The town is located along the road between Eldoret and Kabarnet at the junction of the road heading to Kapsowar. Elgeyo escarpment and Kerio River are located east of Iten. The town has a population of 42,312 .
It forms a common local authority (Iten/Tambach town council) with Tambach, a small town in the vicinity. Iten was the headquarters of the former Elgeyo-Marakwet District since 1966, when it replaced Tambach.
The name of the town is a corruption of Hill Ten, a local rock formation named by Joseph Thomson in 1883. The hill is located 800 meters outside the village, on the road toward Kessup. It can be best viewed from the Iten Viewpoint.
The mayor of Iten is Mary Ruto (as of 2009), one of the few female mayors in Kenya.
The name is a local corruption of Hill Ten, a local rock formation that was named by Joseph Thompson in 1883.
He inscribed the words Hill Ten on a rock while exploring the Kerio Valley to mark the number of hills he had conquered.
The hill is located about 800 metres outside the main town, on the road toward Kessup.
St. Patrick's High School is located in Iten. The school has, over the last 30 years, produced world-class long distance athletes. Alumni include Ibrahim Hussein, winner of three Boston Marathons and one New York City Marathon; Peter Rono, a 1988 Olympic gold medalist at 1,500 meters; Wilson Boit Kipketer, a 1997 world champion and 2000 Olympic silver medalist in the 3,000-meter steeplechase; Matthew Birir, 1992 Olympic gold medalist at the 3,000-meter steeplechase; and David Rudisha, 2012 Olympic gold medalist and world record holder at 800m. The coach of these athletes, Brother Colm O'Connell of Ireland, came to Iten in 1976 expecting to stay just three months. He has lived in Iten ever since.
Many athletes, including Rudisha, and world champions Edna Kiplagat, Florence Kiplagat, Lornah Kiplagat, Linet Masai, and Mary Keitany, have made homes in Iten. O'Connell is credited in starting the influx of female athletes to Iten in the early 1990s when he trained and hosted World Champion Sally Barsosio, Rose Cheruiyot, and world junior champion Lydia Cheromei (all of whom lived in O'Connell's back garden houses).
Each Christmas Eve, the town plays host to the largest women's-only race in Kenya, The Shoe4Africa 5 km. It was in the 2006 edition of this race that world champion Mary Keitany began her athletics career.
The town hosts the high altitude training centre, HATC, founded in 1999 by Lornah Kiplagat and Pieter Langerhorst. Other landmarks include the Kerio View Hotel founded in 1995 by Jean Paul Fourier. In 2012, the World Record holder in marathon (second fastest at that time) Wilson Kipsang, opened the Keeluu Resort: a lodging, conference and dining center.
The book More Fire by Toby Tanser, 2008, was written in and based on Iten, as was Tanser's earlier book Train Hard, Win easy. The Kenyan Way. 1997. Iten is also a featured location in Adharanand Finn's 2012 book Running With The Kenyans. Finn spent several months living and training as a runner in the city.Paul Kipkemoi Chelimo - Olympic track & field athlete
Mary Keitany - Olympic track & field athlete
Edna Kiplagat - Olympic track & field athlete
Florence Kiplagat - Olympic track & field athlete
Lornah Kiplagat - Olympic track & field athlete
David Rudisha - Olympic track & field athlete
Asbel Kiprop - Olympic track & field athlete
Wilson Kipsang - Olympic track & field athlete
Joyce Chepkurui - Olympic track & field athlete
Sally Barsosio - Olympic track & field athlete. Years 1993 to 2000
Brother Colm - World renowned coach.
Stephen Cherono - World record holder track & field athlete
Lydia Cheromei - World Champion track & field athlete. Years 1992 to 2010
St. Patrick's High School- A boys only national secondary school which has fostered many upcoming athletes such as David Rudisha
View Point- A public park that sits at the edge of the Elgeyo escarpment. This park offers spectacular views of both Thompson's Hill number ten and the Gregory Rift