Harman Patil (Editor)

Iowa Child Welfare Research Station

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Established  1917
Affiliations  University of Iowa
Location  Iowa City, Iowa
Iowa Child Welfare Research Station
Research type  Child development, Developmental psychology, Pediatrics

The American Iowa Child Welfare Research Station attached to the University of Iowa conducted pioneering research into child development and child psychology during the 20th century. German-American psychologist Kurt Zadek Lewin worked there and Robert Richardson Sears directed the station for much of the 1940s. Many other eminent psychologists, physiologists, and researchers were associated with the station and its work.

In 1963 the station was renamed the Institute of Child Behavior and Development due to negative association amongst the public with the phrase "Child Welfare". In 1974 the Institute was closed as a research establishment.

The station was founded in 1917. A leader of the Iowa Congress of Mothers named Cora Bussey Hillis arranged for the station to be sited at the University of Iowa and procured funding from the state legislature and the Women's Christian Temperance Union. With the exception of a stint of military service during World War I Dr. Bird T. Baldwin served as the first director of the station until his death on May 13, 1928.

In 1922 the station listed these employees:

  • Director Baldwin
  • Paid, full time—4 nurses, 1 social worker, 3 clerical or other helpers.
  • Paid, part time—1 physician, 1 nurse, 1 social worker, 3 clerical or other helpers.
  • Volunteer, part time—4 physicians.
  • Iowa Statute establishing the station

    The following law was authored by Carl Emil Seashore, then the head of the psychology department at the University of Iowa:


    Iowa Child Welfare Research Station Wikipedia