IIT Bombay was the second IIT to be established in 1958 with assistance from UNESCO and with funds contributed by the Soviet Union. UNESCO agreed to provide equipment and technical experts mainly from the Soviet Union, while the Government of India accepted the responsibility for all other expenses including the cost of the building project and recurring expenses. The site chosen for the institute was Powai, eighteen miles (29 km) from the city of Mumbai (then Bombay), with an area of 550 acres (2.2 km2) which was given by the then Bombay State Government. While construction was being completed, the first academic session of the Institute opened on 25 July 1958, in its temporary home at the Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (SASMIRA) building in Worli, Mumbai with 100 students. These students were selected from over 3,400 applicants for admission to the first year undergraduate engineering programmes of Aerospace, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Engineering Physics, Energy, Mechanical, Metallurgical Engineering and MSc Chemistry. One of the main objectives of establishing the Institute was to develop facilities for studies in a variety of specialised engineering and technological sciences. The need for establishing adequate facilities for postgraduate studies and research was kept uppermost in mind in the founding years.
While the Institute was functioning provisionally at Worli, an effort was made to expedite the progress of the building project at its permanent location and Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone of the Institute at Powai on 10 March 1959.
The IIT Bombay campus is located at Powai, a suburb in north eastern Mumbai, between the Vihar and Powai lakes. The campus is divided into clusters of buildings. The academic area chiefly comprises the main building, various departmental annexes and auditoria. All department annexes are connected by a corridor named Infinite Corridor. Beyond the Convocation Hall lie most of the hostels. There are a total of 16 hostels, of which two hostels (Hostels 10 and 11) and a part of the newly constructed hostel (Hostel 15) are for female students.
Due to its proximity to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the campus has significant green cover and is mostly untouched by the pollution of the rest of the city. The proximity of the campus to the national park has also led to occasional sightings of panthers, Leopards and Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodiles along the banks of Lake Powai. Sometimes they stray into the campus in chase of hunt.
The institute has two swimming pools; football, hockey and cricket grounds; and tennis, basketball, squash and volleyball courts. It also has a Students' Activity Center (SAC) for various cultural and other extracurricular activities. In addition to these facilities, the campus also houses two high schools, one of which is a Kendriya Vidyalaya and the other is called IIT Campus School.
The annual Science & Technology festival of IIT Bombay, Techfest, which was started in 1998, is held in the month of December every year and is Asia's largest science and tech festival. It comprises various events like competitions, exhibits and talks from guest speakers from around the world. Techfest 2009 was also the first event of its kind in India to conduct its events in other countries.
The annual international conference on the Drupal web framework, DrupalCon Asia, will be hosted at IIT Bombay from 18–21 February 2016.
The annual cultural festival Mood Indigo, usually held in the month of December is an event hosted by the student body and is the Asia's largest college cultural festival. The most attractive feature of this 4-day event are the influential personalities who have graced the festival like R D Burman, Aamir Khan, Sir Mark Tully, Sachin Tendulkar, Porcupine Tree, Simple Plan, Mike Portnoy and many more. The organization is known for holding the best cultural competitions, games and musical concerts to draw out the best talent in the country.
Cultural activities like dramatics, Speaking, Literary Arts, Music and Fine Arts also mark an important feature in the life of a student of IIT Bombay. Speaking and Literary Arts have always been very popular in the student community with students actively participating in quizzing, writing and debating activities. IIT Bombay has won the prestigious National Law School Parliamentary Debating Tournament.
Apart from cultural and technological activities, the campus is also involved in business activities with bodies like The Entrepreneurship Cell, which support the growth of startups across the globe.
These college festivals are organised, financially managed and conducted entirely by the students of this institute. All these festivals and organisations are sponsored by private enterprise.
Apart from these festivals, various other engineering streams based festivals are also being organised to motivate students towards Science and Technology. These include Radiance (Mechanical Engineering), Zephyr (Aerospace Engineering), AZeotropy (Chemical Engineering), Padarth(Metallurgy and Material Science Engineering), Aavriti (Electrical Engineering) and recently, Aakaar (Civil Engineering).
The institute also has an LGBT alliance club called "Saathi".
The institute has an active NCC unit by the name of 2 Maharashtra Engineer Regiment which is an attachment of Bombay Sappers . It is 1 of the only 2 NCC Engineer Regiments in India. It holds it Annual Training Camp every year from 1 December to 10 December . Any student can enroll in it.
At the institutional level, IIT Bombay is governed by a Board of Governors with a chairman nominated by the Visitor, the Director as a member and the Registrar as secretary. Besides this, there are four persons having specialised knowledge or practical experience in respect of education, engineering or science nominated by the Council. Two professors are nominated by the Senate. Additionally, one technologist or industrialist of repute is nominated by the Government of each of the States of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
For all academic matters, the Senate is the authority having control and responsibility for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examinations and all other allied academic matters. The Senate is mainly constituted of all the professors of the Institute and the Director is the chairman.
The key people in the execution of the Institute's activities are the Director and Deputy Director who are assisted by Dean (Research and Development), Dean (Planning), Dean (Students Affairs), Dean (Academic Programmes) and Dean (Resources Development), and the Heads of the Departments, Centres and Schools. The Administration is managed by the Registrar, with senior administrative officers being assigned for specific areas such as Estate Management, Materials Management, Personnel Management, Finance and Accounts, and Academic Affairs.
The Academic Office of the Institute exists to facilitate, initiate and co-ordinate the academic work of the Institute, particularly the teaching and assessment of students. It acts as the repository of grades and academic records of all students, both past and present. It provides administrative support to the Senate, which is the highest academic body of the Institute.
The Head of the Academic Office is the Dean of Academic Programmes, who is a senior professor of the Institute. The Dean is helped by a permanent administrative set-up headed by a Deputy Registrar (education). Academic Office closely interacts with the Dean of Student Affairs (DoSA), who looks after all non-academic problems of students. The DoSA, as the ex-officio President of the Student Gymkhana, coordinates various co-curricular activities of students.
IIT Bombay has 17 departments, 13 multi-disciplinary centres, and 3 schools of excellence. The academic departments in IIT Bombay include the following:Aerospace Engineering
Biosciences and Bioengineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Energy Science and Engineering
Urban Studies and Planning
Humanities & Social Science
Industrial Design Centre
Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science including Corrosion Science and Engineering
The following multi-disciplinary centres are located in IIT Bombay:Industrial Design Centre
Computer Aided Design Center
Centre for Research in Nano-Technology and Sciences
Centre for Aerospace Systems Design and Engineering
Centre for Distant Engineering Education Programme
Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering
Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering. Established 1976, the center is involved in developing Remote Sensing technology and its application to natural resources management and Environmental monitoring.
Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas
Centre for Formal Design and Verification of Software
Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility
Centre of Excellence in Nanoelectronics
National Centre for Photovoltaic Research and Education
Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship
The three schools of excellence in IIT Bombay are:School of Biosciences and Bioengineering
Shailesh J Mehta School of Management
Kanwal Rekhi School of Information Technology (KReSIT)
In addition to above, IIT Bombay also offers three inter-disciplinary programs:Educational Technology
Industrial Engineering and Operations Research
Systems and Control Engineering
IIT Bombay offers a wide variety of courses of study in engineering, pure sciences, design, management and humanities with a primary focus on engineering. The university is a member of "Links to Asia by Organizing Traineeship and Student Exchange" (LAOTSE), an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.
The Institute conducts educational programmes leading to the degree of Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.), Dual Degree (B.Tech. and M.Tech. in 5 years), Master of Science (MSc.), Master of Technology (MTech.), Bachelor of Design (B.Des), Master of Design (MDes.), Master of Management (MMgmt.), Master of Philosophy (MPhil.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.) in the following areas:
Every year, IIT Bombay awards degrees, BTech, MTech, Dual Degree (BTech and MTech), M.Mgmt, MSc and PhD to more than 1,000 students. The undergraduate students at IIT Bombay are selected through the Joint Entrance Examination of the IITs. At a given time, the campus is home to more than 6,000 people: students, professors, and non academic staff.
In 2015 the National Virtual Academy for Indian Agriculture launched a free online agriculture course in collaboration with ICRISAT Hyderabad and IIT Bombay. From July 2016, IIT Bombay is planning to offer a four-year undergraduate programme in economics.
Internationally, IIT Bombay is ranked overall 202 globally and 35th among Asian institutes in the QS World University Rankings(Quacquarelli Symonds) for 2015. IIT Bombay featured in top 400 in the ranking by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2015-16. In India, among engineering colleges, it was ranked second by Outlook India in 2015. Among universities in India, it ranks second in Careers360 Top Universities in India 2016. Amongst government engineering colleges, it was first by Mint in 2009. IIT Bombay is ranked 2 in National Institutional Ranking Framework published by Ministry of Human Resource Development in April 2016.
Faculty members from IIT Bombay undertake industry sponsored research and consultancy projects that are made available through the institute. These are funded by various national agencies like the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Atomic Energy, and Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC). Many are also working on projects of national importance. A few projects are also being funded by international agencies. Typically in one year, there are about 400 on-going sponsored projects. The sponsored research has ushered in intense research activity leading to the formation of active research groups and has helped in the creation of modern research facilities in key areas.
The office of the Dean (R&D) provides the necessary liaison with industry and sponsoring agencies. The office helps industry to identify faculty expertise and institutional facilities, and assists faculty in identifying industry problems.
There are also a number of central facilities such as the Central Library, Central Workshop, and Printing Press. Many new research facilities have been acquired or developed in the last few years. One of the most important of them is the Computer Centre which started functioning in 1986 with facilities which have been continuously updated. The Computer Aided Design Centre with its own mini computers and work stations, supplemented by additional computing facilities, caters to CAD activity in Chemical Engineering and Metallurgical Engineering. Research groups like VLSI Design, CAD/CAM also have computing facilities which are accessible to other departments for development activities. Recently, work on developing medical implants has been initiated. The OrthoCAD Network Research Cell was established in 2007 to jump-start indigenous research and development activities in orthopaedic reconstruction systems. Important experimental facilities set up by various departments include laboratories for robotics, biotechnology, microelectronics, microprocessor applications, telematics, remote sensing, low temperature physics and aerodynamics.Dipan Ghosh – Theoretical physicist, originator of the Majumdar–Ghosh model.
N. K. Naik – Aeronautical engineer
Deepak B. Phatak – Computer scientist, Padma Shri award winner
Ram Puniyani – Biomedical engineer
C. V. Seshadri – Chemical engineer
Tathagat Avatar Tulsi – Physicist
Manohar Vartak – Mathematician
IIT Bombay alumni include: