Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Imambaras of Lucknow

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Imambaras of Lucknow

The oldest imambara of Lucknow was built during the reign of Nawab Abul-Mansur Khan (Nawab Safdar Jung) in 1745 by Mirza Abu Talib Khan. He was son of Haji Mohammad Beg and enjoyed a respectable position during the reign of Nawab Safdar Jung. This imambara no longer exists. Almost every Shia constructs an imambara at their home. The Imambara may differ in terms of size and material used for its construction e.g. wood, metal or concrete.

Contents

Lucknow is a city of imambaras as it has a large number of imambaras among which are some very famous.

  • Aasafi Imambara or Bara Imambara. (One of the oldest Imambara of Lucknow).
  • Imambara Husainabad Mubarak or Chota Imambara.
  • Imambara Shah Najaf.
  • Imambara Sibtainabad Mubarak or Imambara Jannat Nasheen.
  • Imambara Agha Baqar Sahab. (This Imambara is associated with Abbas Alambardar. This Imambara is second oldest in Lucknow. Built by Agha Baqar during the reign of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah.
  • Imambara Ghufran Ma'ab.
  • Imambara of Hakeem Sayyed Yusuf Husain Sahab, Imambara Qasr-e-Jannat (Jannat ki Khidki). During the reign of King Nasir-ud-Din Haider, The "Chehal Mimbari", was revolutionized at this Imambara by putting 39 Small "Mimbers" on a Large "Mimber".
  • Imambara of Nazim Sahab.
  • Imambara of Mir Baqar Saudagar.
  • Imambara of Moghul Saheba, the highest "Mimber" in India is kept in this Imambara.
  • Imambara Kaiwan Jah.
  • Imambara of (Nawab Salarjung Bahadur) Mirza Qasim Ali Khan Sahab or Kaala Imambara.
  • Imambara of Mir Zain-ul-Abidin Khan Sahab.
  • Imambara of Raja Jhau Lal Sahab, (Bait-ul-Maal)
  • Imambara of Meeran Sahab
  • Lucknow the center of Azadari in India

    Lucknow is the center of Azadari in India not just because it has a large number of Imambaras in India than any other city. But also the efforts made by the Nawabs of Awadh (Oudh) dynasty to promote Azadari in the Indian sub-continent, the result of which is the presence of Replicas of almost every holy shia shrines.

    Only this city have the privilege of holding the Shabi-e-Rauza (Replicas of the original Shrines or Tombs) of all "Ahlebait" (Members of Prophet Muhammad's family.)

    Not only the Nawabs but the Noble men and the Locals also built the Shrines (Shabi-e-Rauza) of "Ahlebait" in Lucknow. The idea of building the Shrines was to give an easy access to those people who are unable to visit the original Shrines in the Mid-East region.

    Rauza of Prophet Muhammad

    The original Rauza of Prophet Muhammad is situated inside Masjid-e-Nabawi at Medina (Saudi Arabia). In Lucknow the Rauza of Prophet Muhammad is situated near Madarsa-e-Waizeen adjacent to Jahaz wali kothi in the Raja Bazar area of Lucknow. This rauza is known as "90 dar ki Masjid". This Mosque is the small scale replica of Masjid-e-Nabawi & Rauza of Prophet Muhammad. This Masjid also have the replica of Rauza-e-Fatimain, Medina.

    The shrines related to Prophet Muhammad are also known as "Qadam-e-Rasool", where the relic of Prophet Muhammad's foot print is kept. Once Lucknow have many "Qadam-e-Rasool".

  • The oldest "Qadam-e-Rasool" in Lucknow was built in the year 1630 A.D. by Alkutaash Khan near Asharfabad.
  • The second "Qadam-e-Rasool" was built during the region of Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulah. This shrine was built in a small Mosque in the Sardaar Bagh in Rustam Nagar Area.
  • The third "Qadam-e-Rasool" was built by King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider in Wilayti Bagh in the area of Bibi Pur on the right bank of river Gomti. The Wilayti Bagh was built for Mubarak Mahal (the European wife of King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider).
  • "Malika Badsha Begam Sahiba" the wife of King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider also built a "Qadam-e-Rasool" in Husn Bagh in the area of Daliganj.
  • In the year 1830 King Nasir-ud-Din Haider also built a "Qadam-e-Rasool" in Imambara Shah Najaf (Hazratganj). This "Qadam-e-Rasool" was the most magnificent of all other "Qadam-e-Rasool". This "Qadam-e-Rasool" was partially destroyed on 16-17 November 1857 by the British forces.
  • Rauza of Ali

    Ali is buried in the City of Najaf-e-Ashraf in Iraq, so the Rauza of Ali is called The Najaf.

  • Imambara Shah Najaf. This is an Imambara associated with Ali. In this Imambara the Zarih of Ali is kept on a platform "Shehnasheen". This Imambara was built by King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider. This Imambara also serves as the tomb of King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider & his three wives.
  • Najaf Qadeem or Purana Najaf. This Rauza is situated in the area of Niwaz Ganj. This is said to be the oldest Najaf in Lucknow.
  • Najaf in Karbala Haji Maseeta near Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora). This Rauza & the Karbala no longer exist but some land of the Karbala is still left by the name Waqf Karbala Haji Maseeta near the Karbala Azimullah Khan.
  • Najaf of Hasan Mirza Sahab. This Rauza is situated in the area of Rustam Nagar. On the Day of 21 Ramzan a Taboot Juloos (Coffin procession) of Ali is carried out from this Najaf to the Najaf in Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora).
  • Najaf in Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora). The Taboot Juloos of Ali which is carried out from Najaf of Hasan Mirza Sahab reaches here and the Taboot of Ali is buried here.
  • Najaf in Sarfaraz Ganj. This Rauza was built by Late Nawab Ali Husain Mirza Sahab (Late Gauhar Agha Sahab), for the Isaal-e-Sawab of Late Mohammad Husain Ali Sahab (Babba Nawab Sahab).
  • Rauza-e-Fatimain (Rauza-e-Jannat-ul-Baqi)

    The original tomb constructed over the Graves of Muhammad's Daughter Fatimah and Prophet's Grandsons Hasan ibn Ali, 4th Shia Imam Zayn al-Abidin, 5th Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, 6th Imam Jafar al-Sadiq was situated at Jannat ul-Baqi, Madina, and was known as Rauza-e-Fatimain. The Tomb was demolished on 21 April 1926 by king Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, but Lucknow have many replicas of the Tomb.

  • The oldest Rauza-e-Fatimain (Rauza-e-Jannat-ul-Baqi) in Lucknow is situated in the area of Bulaki ka Adda on the right hand near the Suppa Ros Swamp (Daldal). This Rauza can be reached by a narrow lane situated near the Petrol Pump.
  • An other Rauza-e-Fatimain (Rauza-e-Jannat-ul-Baqi) is situated in the compound of The Rauza of Prophet Muhammad is situated near Madarsa-e-Waizeen adjacent to Jahaz wali kothi in the Raja Bazar area of Lucknow. This rauza is known as "90 dar ki Masjid". This Mosque is the small scale replica of Masjid-e-Nawabi & Rauza of Prophet Muhammad in Medina.
  • Rauza-e-Fatimain (Rauza-e-Jannat-ul-Baqi) in the area of Rustam Nagar.
  • Rauza-e-Fatimain (Rauza-e-Jannat-ul-Baqi) in Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora).
  • Bait-ul-Huzn

    Bait-ul-Huzn is the replica of that place which Ali built for Fatimah to lament for her loving father. Because after the death of Prophet Muhammad Fatimah was so heart broken she use to lament for her loving Father Prophet Muhammad but some Muslims objected to this and complained to Ali for this. How heartless Muslims were those. Lucknow have three replica of Bait-ul-Huzn.

  • The first Bait-ul-Huzn is situated in the Rustam Nagar area.
  • The second Bait-ul-Huzn is Imambara Baitul Huzn (Aza-e-Husain) situated at Wazirganj, Lucknow
  • The third Bait-ul-Huzn is small in size and is situated inside Imambara of Nawab Salaarjung Bahadur (Mirza Qasim Ali Khan Sahab), (Kaala Imambara), in Peer Bukhara Locality of Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Husain

    Lucknow have many Rauzas of Husayn ibn Ali which are often called Karbala as Husain is buried in the city of Karbala, Iraq.

  • The oldest Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated in the Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora) built on the birth anniversary of Ali in 1817, during the reign of Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din Haider.
  • A Second Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated in the Karbala of King Nasir-ud-Din Haider. This Rauza is situated behind Shia P.G. College on Sitapur Road in the Iradat Nagar area of Lucknow. This is the largest Rauza in entire India. The outer construction was left incomplete after the death of King Nasir-ud-Din Haider. The remains of the king is also buried here along with his wife Qudisiya Begam & his maternal uncle.
  • The third Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated in the Karbala of Malika Jahan Sahiba (Aishbagh ki Karbala), Aish Bagh, Lucknow. This Karbala was Built by Ashiq Ali in the year 1840-41 for which the fund was provided by Malika Jahan Sahiba ( Wife of King Muhammad Ali Shah Bahadur, 3rd King of Awadh).
  • The fourth Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated in the Karbala of Dayanat-ud-Daula. It was built in 1851-52 by Dayanat-ud-Daulah, a khwajasara of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah . His original name was Mohammed Ali Khan and Dayanat-ud-Daulah was the title conferred upon him on 13 February 1847, on the occasion of King Wajid Ali Shah's coronation.
  • The fifth Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated in the Karbala of Puttan Sahib. This Rauza is situated on Victoria street in the Bazar Khala area of Lucknow.
  • One small scale Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated inside Dargah Abbas Alambardar, Rustam Nagar, Lucknow.
  • Another small scale Rauza of Husayn ibn Ali is situated inside Imambara of Nawab Salaarjung Bahadur (Mirza Qasim Ali Khan Sahab), (Kaala Imambara), in Peer Bukhara Locality of Lucknow.
  • Rauza-e-Zainabiya, Rauza of Zaynab bint Ali

    Lucknow have two replicas of Rauza-e-Zainabiya, Rauza of Zaynab bint Ali and One Tila-e-Tilla-e-Zanabiya.

  • The old Rauza-e-Zainabiya, Rauza of Zaynab bint Ali is situated near Tikat Rai ka Talaab in the area of Tikat Ganj, Rajaji Puram. This Rauza also have the replicas of Aun and Muhammad shrines and the replica of shrine of Bibi Fizza" The Protector of Ahlebait in the brutal court of Tyrant Yazid.
  • The new Rauza-e-Zainabiya, Rauza of Zaynab bint Ali is situated in the Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora), This Rauza is under construction.
  • Tila-e-Tilla-e-Zainabiya.

    Tila-e-Tilla-e-Zainabiya is a pyramid shaped structure with stairs on all four sides and an Alam (Standard) is mounted on the top of the platform. This shrine is situated at Imambara of Malika Jahan Sahiba, Shahi Jama Masjid, Tahseenganj, Husainabad, Lucknow.

    Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali

    Lucknow have One Imambara associated with Abbas ibn Ali, Two Dargahs of Abbas ibn Ali and Five Rauzas of Abbas ibn Ali, which are listed below.

  • Imambara Agha Baqar Sahab. This Imambara is associated with Abbas ibn Ali. This Imambara is situated at Chowk area. This Imambara is second oldest in Lucknow. Built by Agha Baqar who was commander of 5000 cavalry soldiers during the reign of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah. This Imambara also contains the grave of Shahenshah-e-Qasida, A great Urdu poet, Mirza Muhammad Rafi Sauda.
  • Dargah Abbas ibn Ali, Rustam Nagar, Lucknow. The Dargah (shrine) came into existence during the reign of Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulah (1775-1797). A poor man, Mirza Faqeera Beg, was visited by Abbas in his dream and directed to dig out his alam from a specific location in the city.
  • Dargah Abbas ibn Ali, situated at Karbala Musahab-ud-Daulah, Misri ki Baghiya, Ali Colony, Lucknow. This Karbala also have a Mosque, an Imambara of Bi Misri Sahiba and an Imam Chabutra.
  • Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali situated at Karbala Rafiq-ud-Daulah, (Karbala Abbas Bagh), Bala ganj, Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali situated at Karbala Amin-ud-Daulah, (Karbala Imdad Husain Khan), Dariya pur, Rajaji Puram, Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali situated at Karbala Malika Jahan Sahiba, (Aish Bagh ki Karbala), Aish Bagh, Lucknow. This Karbala was Built by Ashiq Ali in the year 1840-41 for which the fund was provided by Malika Jahan Sahiba ( Wife of King Muhammad Ali Shah Bahadur, 3rd King of Awadh).
  • Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali situated at Masjid Ramzan Ali Khan Sahab (Dariya wali Masjid), Near Aasafi Imambara (Bara Imambara), Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Abbas ibn Ali situated at the Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora), Rajaji Puram, Lucknow.
  • Imambara of Ali Akber

    Imambara of Bi Misri Sahiba is situated at Karbala Musahab-ud-Daulah, Misri ki Baghiya, Ali Colony, Lucknow. The Imambara is not in good condition at present. This Karbala also have a Mosque, an Imam Chabutra and a Dargah of Hazrat Abbas Alambardar.

    Rauza of Qasim

    Lucknow have one Rauza of Qasim, situated at Hazrat Qasim Hall, Rustam Nagar, Lucknow.

  • The Dargah of Qasim is situated at Mohan.
  • Rauza of Sakina

    Lucknow have few Rauzas of Sakina bint Husayn.

  • Rauza of Sakina bint Husayn, situated behind Shahi Jama Masjid, Tahseen Ganj. Built by Late Syed Baqar Husain Sahab of Sharif Manzil. This Rauza is an independent structure with a Green Dome. This Rauza is attached to a small Mosque.
  • A Rauza of Sakina bint Husayn is situated inside Dargah Abbas, Rustam Nagar, Lucknow.
  • Another Rauza of Sakina bint Husayn is situated inside Dargah Abbas, situated at Karbala Musahab-ud-Daulah, Misri ki Baghiya, Ali Colony, Lucknow.
  • One Rauza of Sakina bint Husayn is situated inside Imambara Kaiwan Jah, situated in the Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora), Rajaji Puram, Lucknow.
  • Yaad-e-Sakina "Remembering Sakina bint Husayn"

    This is a Mourning event organised on the 4th Sunday of the month of Muharram every year at Imambara Husainabad Mubarak (The Chota Imambara), Husainabad. During this grief-stricken event a temporary small scale replica of the "Qaid Khana" (Prison or Dungeon) is constructed with a small grave of Sakina bint Husayn in side this "Qaid Khana" to depict the Agony of Sakina bint Husayn. Thousands of mournesr gather here to visit the "Qaid Khana" and to pay tribute to Sakina bint Husayn. This Sorrowful event was founded in the year 1990 by Late. Muhammad Sarfaraz Khan Sahab (Late. Banney Miya Sahab) of Beal Wala Tila, Muftiganj, Lucknow. The members of Anjuman-e-Gulzaar-e-Panjetan take active part in the organisation and management of this event.

    Rauza of Musa al-Kazim

    The original Rauza-e-Kazimain, Tomb (Shrine) of Musa al-Kazim and his Grand Son Muhammad al-Jawad is Situated in the city of Kazimain in Iraq. The tomb have two golden domes and four golden minarets. Lucknow have two Rauzas (Replicas) of Kazimain.

  • Karbala Agha Mir or Karbala Moata-mud-Daula, Narhi, Lucknow is the first Rauza-e-Kazimain. It was built in the year 1815 by Saiyed Mohammad Agha Meer who was given the title of Nawab Moata-mud-Daula Bahadur in 1818. Agha Mir was the prime minister of King Ghazi-ud-Din Haider. After the Mutiny Britishers confiscated the properties and religious places of Shia Muslims for their active participation in the first war of independence of 1857. Monument came under the illegal possession of East India Company in February 1856 and later they handed it over to Freemasons.
  • The second Rauza-e-Kazimain is Karbala Sharaf-ud-Daula (Kazimain Building) situated in Sahadat Ganj. This Rauza was built by a converted Shia "Jagannath Agarwal" who was bestowed with the title of ‘Sharf-Ud-Daula’ by King Amjad Ali Shah. The constructed started in the Regime of King Amjad Ali Shah(4th King of Awadh) and was completed in the year 1852 during the regime of King Wajid Ali Shah (5th and last King of Awadh). Kazimain also remains hub of Muharram rituals throughout the mourning period of Muharram, which is two months and eight days. The famous procession of 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal also culminate at Kazimain and witness a very aggressive Seenazani and Zanjeer ka Matam by the devotees.
  • Rauza of Ali al-Ridha

    The original Rauza or Tomb (Shrine) of Ali al-Ridha is situated at the city of Mashed, Iran. Lucknow have a replica of Rauza of Ali al-Ridha which is situated at Karbala Azimullah Khan, near Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora), Rajaji Puram, Lucknow. This rauza also have a Mosque by the name "Masjid-e-Gauhar Shaad" adjacent to the Rauza. This Mosque is also a small scale replica of "Masjid-e-Gauhar Shaad" in Mashed, Iran.

    Rauza of Fatima al-Kubra

  • The Rauza of Fatima al-Kubra is situated at Karbala Azimullah Khan, near Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh (Karbala Taal Katora), Rajaji Puram, Lucknow.
  • A small scale Zarih of Fatima al-Kubra is also kept inside Bait-ul-Huza at Imambara of Nawab Salaarjung Bahadur (Kaala Imambara), in Peer Bukhara Locality of Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Ali ibn Muhammad, Ali al-Hadi, Ali an-Naqi

    The Rauza of Ali an-Naqi is situated at Karbala of Malika Afaq Sahiba (Karbala-e-Askarien) (Gaar wali Karbala). The Karbala was built in the year 1837-42 by Malika Afaq Sahiba who was the wife of third king of Awadh Muhammad Ali Shah Bahadur.

    Beneath the dome are four graves, those of Alī an-Naqī and his son, Hasan Al-Askari, Janab-e-Hakimah Khatoon, the sister of Alī an-Naqī, Janab-e-Nargis Khatoon, the mother of Mehndi.

    Rauza of Hasan al-Askari

    In Lucknow the Rauza of Hasan al-Askari is situated at Karbala of Malika Afaq Sahiba (Karbala-e-Askarien) (Gaar wali Karbala).

    Mosque of Muhammad-al-Mahdi

    In Lucknow the Mosque of Muhammad al-Mahdi is situated at Karbala of Malika Afaq Sahiba (Karbala-e-Askarien) (Gaar wali Karbala). Ghar wali Karbala also has the similar pattern and devotees enter cave by the flight of stairs. Arrangement for holding Majlises and Namaz has also been made by erecting a hall over the cave.

    Rauza of Muslim ibn Aqeel

    Muslim ibn Aqeel was the Cousin, Brother-in-Law and Ambassador of Husain. The original Rauza of Muslim ibn Aqeel is situated at Masjid-e-Kufa, Kufa, Iraq. Lucknow have two Rauza of Muslim ibn Aqeel.

  • The first and the oldest Rauza of Muslim ibn Aqeel is situated at Masjid-e-Kufa, in Karbala Sharaf-ud-Daula (Kaizmain Building) situated in Sahadat Ganj.
  • The second Rauza of Muslim ibn Aqeel is situated at Rais Manzil, Husainabad.
  • Rauza of Muhammad and Ibrahim

    Lucknow have two Rauza of Muhammad and Ibrahim.

  • The first and the oldest Rauza of Muhammad andIbrahim is situated at Karbala Munshi Fazl-e-Husain Khan Sahab in the Bazar Khala area on Victoria Street, Lucknow.
  • Rauza of Hani ibne Urwah

    The original Rauza of Hani ibn Urwa is situated at Masjid-e-Kufa, Kufa, Iraq. Lucknow have one Rauza of Hani ibn Urwa.

  • Rauza of Hani ibn Urwa is situated at Masjid-e-Kufa, in Karbala Sharaf-ud-Daula (Kaizmain Building) situated in Sahadat Ganj.
  • References

    Imambaras of Lucknow Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Super Noypi
    Minnie Minoprio
    Peter Plympton Smith
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L