Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Hydrophis gracilis

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Squamata
Family  Hydrophiidae
Scientific name  Hydrophis gracilis
Rank  Species
Phylum  Chordata
Suborder  Serpentes
Genus  Hydrophis
Higher classification  Hydrophis
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Similar  Snake, Hydrophis, Hydrophis fasciatus, Hydrophis viperinus, Hydrophis ornatus

The Graceful Small-headed Sea Snake or Slender Sea Snake Hydrophis gracilis is a species of Elapidae (Hydrophiinae-sea snake). Microcephalophis gracilis is a synonym of the snake.

Contents

Diagnostic characters

Head small, body long and slender anteriorly; scales on thickest part of body juxtaposed; 5-6 maxillary teeth behind fangs; 17-21 scale rows around neck, 30-36 around thickest part of body (increase from neck to midbody 18-24); ventrals divided by a longitudinal fissure; prefrontal in contact with third upper labial; ventrals 220-287.

Total length males 950 mm, females 1025 mm; tail length males 80 mm, females 95 mm.

Distribution

  • Indian Ocean (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines)
  • South China Sea northward to the coast of Fujian (China)
  • Persian Gulf to Bay of Bengal (Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iran)
  • Coast of Malaysia through Indoaustralian Archipelago to New Guinea, New Caledonia, Australia (Queensland), Melanesia, Indonesia
  • References

    Hydrophis gracilis Wikipedia


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