Harman Patil (Editor)


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Higher classification

Scientific name


Hydrocharitaceae deltaintkeycomangioimagesthon078gif

Lower classifications
Waterweeds, Vallisneria, Esthwaite Waterweed, Egeria densa, Najas

Aquarium plant discussion about vallisneria americana hydrocharitaceae

Hydrocharitaceae is a flowering plant family including 16 known genera with a total of ca 135 known species (Christenhusz & Byng 2016 ), that including a number of species of aquatic plant, for instance the tape-grasses, the well known Canadian waterweed and frogbit Hydrocharis morsus-ranae.


Hydrocharitaceae Elodea Hydrocharitaceae image 13204 at PhytoImagessiuedu

The family includes both fresh water and marine aquatics, although of the seventeen species currently recognised only three are marine. They are found throughout the world in a wide variety of habitats, but are primarily tropical.

Hydrocharitaceae Angiosperm families Hydrocharitaceae Juss


Hydrocharitaceae Ottelia alismoides Hydrocharitaceae image 5108 at PlantSystematicsorg

The species are annual or perennial, with a creeping monopodial rhizome with the leaves arranged in two vertical rows, or an erect main shoot with roots at the base and spirally arranged or whorled leaves. The leaves are simple and usually found submerged, though they may be found floating or partially emerse. As with many aquatics they can be very variable in shape – from linear to orbicular, with or without a petiole, and with or without a sheathing base.

Hydrocharitaceae Laboratorio de Sistemtica de Plantas Vasculares Curso SPV

The flowers are arranged in a forked, spathe-like bract or between two opposite bracts. They are usually irregular, though in some case they may be slightly irregular, and either bisexual or unisexual. The perianth segments are in 1 or 2 series of (2–)3 free segments; the inner series when present are usually showy and petal-like. Stamens 1–numerous, in 1 or more series; the inner ones sometimes sterile. Pollen is globular and free but in the marine genera (Thalassia and Halophila) – the pollen grains are carried in chains, like strings of beads. The ovary is inferior with 2–15 united carpels containing a single locule with numerous ovules on parietal placentas which either protrude nearly to the centre of the ovary or are incompletely developed. Fruits are globular to linear, dry or pulpy, dehiscent or more usually indehiscent and opening by decay of the pericarp. Seeds are normally numerous with straight embryos and no endosperm.

Pollination can be extremely specialised.

Hydrocharitaceae Elodea Hydrocharitaceae image 13205 at PhytoImagessiuedu

The most recent phylogenetic treatment of the family recognizes four subfamilies – Hydrocharitoideae (Hydrocharis, Limnobium), Stratiotoideae (Stratiotes), Anacharidoideae (Apalanthe, Appertiella, Blyxa, Egeria, Elodea, Lagarosiphon and Ottelia) and Hydrilloideae (Enhalus, Halophila, Hydrilla, Maidenia, Najas, Nechamandra, Thalassia and Vallisneria).


Hydrocharitaceae Hydrocharitaceae Wikispecies

Some species have become established ornamental plants, and subsequently serious weeds in the wild (especially Egeria, Elodea and Hydrilla).


Hydrocharitaceae Wikipedia

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