|Occupation French actor||Name Hortense Rhea|
|Born September 4, 1844Brussels, Belgium|
Died May 5, 1899 (1899-05-06) (aged 54) Montmorency, Val-d\'Oise, France
Other names Hortense Rhea, Hortense Barbe-Loret
Hortense Rhéa (September 4, 1844 – May 5, 1899) was a Belgium-born French actress whose popularity extended to the Russian Empire and later the United States of America.
Hortense Barbe-Loret was born in Brussels the daughter of a prosperous French organ builder. At an early age she lost first her father and then her mother and was sent to France to be raised and educated at the Ursuline Convent, Paris. After graduating, Rhéa came to the attention of Charles Fechter who in turn introduced her to Mme. Samson, remembered as an acting instructor who worked with Rachel Felix. With Samson’s backing she was accepted to study at the Conservatoire de Paris under the tutelage of Léon Beauvallet.
Belgium, France and Russia
Rhéa made her début at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie, Brussels, in Les doigts de fée, a comedy in five acts by Ernest Legouvé and Eugène Scribe. The following season Rhéa began a two-year engagement playing principle young woman rôles at the Théâtre-Français, Rouen, that led to a successful tenure at the Théâtre du Vaudeville, Paris, and a subsequent tour of French provinces. In the early 1870s Rhéa commenced a tour of the Russian Empire that in 1876 led to her becoming a leading actress at the French Imperial Theatre, St Petersburg. Rhéa remained at the Imperial until the company disbanded following the assassination of Tzar Alexander II on March 13, 1881. Rhéa, who had once met the tzar, actually witnessed the attack as she watched his carriage pass below the windows of her rehearsal studio just moments before Nikolai Rysakov threw the first bomb.
Britain and America
Rhéa eventually made her way to Britain where she studied for the English stage under John Ryder. With limited English language skills and only a month's preparation, on June 10, 1881, she made her London début at the Gaiety Theatre playing Beatrice in Shakespeare’s Much Ado about Nothing. A critic wrote:
Mdlle. Rhéa has striking endowments. A fine figure, a superbly-shaped head, clear cut and very handsome features and a powerful yet musical voice, are hers, and she has, too, an admirable method. As an impersonation of Beatrice, her performance, nevertheless, leaves something to desire. Mdlle. Rhéa obtained, in short, a qualified success.
That autumn, theatre manager Harry Sargent signed her to an American tour that débuted at the Park Theatre, Brooklyn on November 14, 1881, with Rhéa paying Camille in Matilda Heron's dramatic adaptation of the Alexandre Dumas, fils novel La Dame aux Camélias). Though her initial tour struggled due in part to her thick French accent, the following season’s tour under the management of Arthur B. Chase proved more successful. Rhéa’s repertory during this period included, Adrienne Lecouvreur, Camille, Pygmalion and Galatea, David Garrick's The Country Girl, A Dangerous Game, The School for Scandal, Frou-Frou by Ludovic Halévy and Henri Meilhac, The Case Vidal and L'Aventurière, a comedy by Émile Augier.
Rhéa continued to return to America in tours until 1898. She found her greater success in the country’s heartland where her strongly accented English was received as more of a novelty than a hindrance. During this time Rhéa was often seen performing the title rôle in Josephine, Empress of the French, by Albert Roland Haven, The success of Haven’s play was credited, at least in part, for rekindling an interest in America of the Napoleonic era. Over the 1890s Rhéa played the title rôles in such plays as The New Magdalene by Wilkie Collins, Lyton’s The Lady of Lyons, The Queen of Sheba (opposite a young William S. Hart) by John Rettig, and Nell Gwynn by Paul Krester. One of her American protégées was actress Una Abell-Brinker.
In February 1898 the press reported that for the upcoming season Rhéa would join forces with Louis James and Frederick Warde in a tour that would mostly feature works by William Shakespeare. An illness that prevented this from happening forced Rhéa to abandon the stage and return to France. She died on May 5, 1899, at her home on the rue de Chesneaux Montmorency.