Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Home Insurance Building

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Type  Office
Completed  1884
Height  55 m
Floors  10
Architectural style  Chicago school
Location  Chicago, United States
Demolished  1931
Opened  1885
Closed  1931
Architect  William Le Baron Jenney
Home Insurance Building httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons33
Roof  Originally 138 ft (42 m)
Top floor  After addition of the final two floors – 180 feet (54.9 meters)
Similar  Reliance Building, Monadnock Building, Field Building, Wainwright Building, Sullivan Center

Home insurance building


The Home Insurance Building was a skyscraper in Chicago, generally noted as the first tall building to be supported, both inside and outside, by a fireproof metal frame.

Contents

Home Insurance Building The world39s first skyscraper Chicago39s Home Insurance Building

The building opened in 1884, and was demolished 47 years later in 1931.

Architectural game changer the home insurance building


History

Home Insurance Building Home Insurance Building

It was constructed in 1884 in Chicago, Illinois, and was the first tall building to use structural steel in its frame, but the majority of its structure was composed of cast and wrought iron. While the Ditherington Flax Mill was an earlier fireproof-metal-framed building, it was only five stories tall.

Home Insurance Building h4gt Did you know of the week Home Insurance Building first

Due to the Chicago building's unique architecture and weight-bearing frame, it is considered the world's first skyscraper. It had 10 stories and rose to a height of 138 ft (42 m) In 1890, two additional floors were added.

Home Insurance Building h4gt Did you know of the week Home Insurance Building first

The architect was William Le Baron Jenney. The building weighed only one-third as much as a stone building would have; city officials were so concerned, they halted construction while they investigated its safety. The Home Insurance Building is an example of the Chicago School of Architecture. The building set precedent in skyscraper construction. Minneapolis architect Leroy Buffington patented the concept of the skeletal-frame tall building in 1888, and proposed "a 28-story 'stratosphere-scraper'—a notion mocked by the architectural press of the time as impractical and ludicrous." His proposal nonetheless attracted the attention of the national architectural and building communities to the possibilities of iron skeletal framing, "which in primitive form had been around for decades."

Structural analysis

Home Insurance Building Home Insurance Building

A forensic analysis done during its demolition purported to show the building was the first to carry both floors and external walls entirely on its metal frame, but details and later scholarship have arguably disproved this, and it has been asserted the structure must have relied upon both metal and masonry elements to support its weight, and to hold it up against wind. Although the Home Insurance Building made full use of steel framing technology, in this theory it was not a pure steel-framed structure since it rested partly on granite piers at the base and on a rear brick wall. The exterior was created from brick.

The site

The Field Building, later known as the La Salle Bank Building, then the Bank of America Building, and now the Private Bank Building, built in 1931, now stands on the site. In 1932, owners placed a plaque in the southwest section of the lobby reading:

This section of the Field Building is erected on the site of the Home Insurance Building, which structure, designed and built in eighteen hundred and eighty four by the late William Le Baron Jenney, was the first high building to utilize as the basic principle of its design the method known as skeleton construction and, being a primal influence in the acceptance of this principle was the true father of the skyscraper, 1932.
Home Insurance Building Home Insurance Building Facts amp Summary HISTORYcom

References

Home Insurance Building Wikipedia


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