Harman Patil (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Hirundinidae
Scientific name  Hirundo
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Order  Passeriformes
Subfamily  Hirundininae
Mass  Barn swallow: 18 g
Higher classification  Swallow
Length  Barn swallow: 15 – 20 cm
Hirundo wwwhbwcomsitesdefaultfilesstyleslargeapub
Lower classifications  Barn swallow, Pacific swallow, Wire‑tailed swallow, Welcome swallow, Blue swallow

Urdaibai bird center hirundo rustica golondrina enara barn swallow

The bird genus Hirundo is a group of passerines in the family Hirundinidae (swallows and martins). The genus name is the Latin for a swallow. These are the typical swallows, including the widespread barn swallow. Many of this group have blue backs, red on the face and sometimes the rump or nape, and whitish or rufous underparts. With fourteen species this genus is the largest in its family.


Welcome swallow hirundo neoxena gl cksschwalbe 3


All of the species are found in the Old World, although one, the barn swallow, is cosmopolitan, also occurring in the Americas.


Genetic evidence has recently shown that many of the species previously included in Hirundo are less closely related than their appearance might suggest; these species are sometimes treated in the separate genera Cecropis (e.g. red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica, previously Hirundo daurica) and Petrochelidon (e.g. cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, previously Hirundo pyrrhonota); they are as distinct from typical Hirundo as the house martins in the genus Delichon.


  • Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
  • Red-chested swallow Hirundo lucida
  • Angolan swallow Hirundo angolensis
  • Pacific swallow Hirundo tahitica
  • Hill swallow Hirundo domicola
  • Welcome swallow Hirundo neoxena
  • White-throated swallow Hirundo albigularis
  • Ethiopian swallow Hirundo aethiopica
  • Wire-tailed swallow Hirundo smithii
  • White-bibbed swallow Hirundo nigrita
  • Pied-winged swallow Hirundo leucosoma
  • White-tailed swallow Hirundo megaensis
  • Pearl-breasted swallow Hirundo dimidiata
  • Blue swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea
  • Black-and-rufous swallow Hirundo nigrorufa
  • Fossil record

  • Hirundo gracilis (late Miocene of Polgardi, Hungary)
  • Hirundo major (Pliocene of Csarnota, Hungary)
  • References

    Hirundo Wikipedia