Scientific name Hirundo
Mass Barn swallow: 18 g
Higher classification Swallow
Length Barn swallow: 15 – 20 cm
|Lower classifications Barn swallow, Pacific swallow, Wire‑tailed swallow, Welcome swallow, Blue swallow|
Urdaibai bird center hirundo rustica golondrina enara barn swallow
The bird genus Hirundo is a group of passerines in the family Hirundinidae (swallows and martins). The genus name is the Latin for a swallow. These are the typical swallows, including the widespread barn swallow. Many of this group have blue backs, red on the face and sometimes the rump or nape, and whitish or rufous underparts. With fourteen species this genus is the largest in its family.
- Urdaibai bird center hirundo rustica golondrina enara barn swallow
- Welcome swallow hirundo neoxena gl cksschwalbe 3
- Fossil record
Welcome swallow hirundo neoxena gl cksschwalbe 3
All of the species are found in the Old World, although one, the barn swallow, is cosmopolitan, also occurring in the Americas.
Genetic evidence has recently shown that many of the species previously included in Hirundo are less closely related than their appearance might suggest; these species are sometimes treated in the separate genera Cecropis (e.g. red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica, previously Hirundo daurica) and Petrochelidon (e.g. cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, previously Hirundo pyrrhonota); they are as distinct from typical Hirundo as the house martins in the genus Delichon.