Trisha Shetty (Editor)


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Scientific name


Higher classification
Hippoboscidae Dipterainfo Discussion Forum Hippoboscidae gt Ornithomya avicularia

Lower classifications
  Lipoptena cervi
, Lipoptena, Hippobosca equina, Ornithomya, Crataerina pallida

Lipoptena cervi , Hippobosca equina , Ornithomya

Hippoboscidae, the louse flies or keds are obligate parasites of mammals and birds. In this family there are winged species which can fly at least reasonably well, as well as others with vestigial or no wings which are flightless and highly apomorphic. As usual in their superfamily Hippoboscoidea, most of the larval development takes place within the mother's body, and pupation occurs almost immediately.


Hippoboscidae Dipterainfo Discussion Forum Hippoboscidae to ID

The sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus, is a wingless, reddish-brown fly that parasitizes sheep. The Neotropical deer ked, Lipoptena mazamae, is a common ectoparasite of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in the southeastern United States. Both winged and wingless forms may be seen. A common winged species is Hippobosca equina, called "the louse fly" among riders. Species in other genera are found on birds, for example, Ornithomya bequaerti has been collected from birds in Alaska. Two species of Hippoboscidae – Ornithoica (Ornithoica) podargi and Ornithomya fuscipennis are also common parasites of the tawny frogmouth (Podargus strigoides) of Australia.

Hippoboscidae Hippoboscidae Louse flies NatureSpot

Pseudolynchia canariensis is commonly found on pigeons and doves, and can serve as the vector of pigeon malaria. There is some evidence that other Hippoboscidae can serve as vectors of disease agents to mammals.

Hippoboscidae Dipterainfo Discussion Forum Hippoboscidae gt Lipoptena cervi

Pseudolynchia canariensis (Hippoboscidae) Pigeon louse fly


Hippoboscidae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

In some obsolete taxonomies, the name Hippoboscidae is applied to the group properly known as Pupipara, i.e. the present family plus the bat flies (Nycteribiidae and "Streblidae"). It has been shown that two of the three traditional subfamilies (Hippoboscinae and Lipopteninae) are good monophyletic groups at least by and large. According to cladistic analysis of several DNA sequences, to make the Ornithomyinae monophyletic their tribe Olfersini deserves to be recognized as a full-blown family too.

  • Subfamily Ornithomyinae Bigot, 1853

  • Hippoboscidae FileHippoboscidae 17155055946jpg Wikimedia Commons
  • Genus Allobosca Speiser, 1899 (1 species)
  • Genus Austrolfersia Bequaert, 1953 (1 species)
  • Genus Crataerina von Olfers, 1816 (8 species)
  • Genus Icosta Speiser, 1905 (52 species)
  • Genus Microlynchia Lutz, 1915 (4 species)
  • Genus Myophthiria Róndani, 1875 (13 species)
  • Genus Olfersia Leach, 1817 (7 species)
  • Genus Ornithoctona Speiser, 1902 (12 species)
  • Genus Ornithoica Róndani, 1878 (24 species)
  • Genus Ornithomya Latreille, 1802 (29 species)
  • Genus Ornithophila Róndani, 1879 (2 species)
  • Genus Ortholfersia Speiser, 1902 (4 species)
  • Genus Phthona Maa, 1969 (3 species)
  • Genus Proparabosca Theodor & Oldroyd 1965 (1 species)
  • Genus Pseudolynchia Bequaert, 1926 (5 species)
  • Genus Stilbometopa Coquillett, 1899 (5 species)
  • Subfamily Hippoboscinae
  • Genus Hippobosca Linnaeus, 1758 (7 species)
  • Genus Struthibosca Maa, 1963 (1 species)
  • Subfamily Lipopteninae
  • Genus Lipoptena Nitzsch, 1818 (30 species)
  • Genus Melophagus Latreille, 1802 (3 species)
  • Genus Neolipoptena Bequaert, 1942 (1 species)
  • References

    Hippoboscidae Wikipedia