Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Hindgut

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Covid-19
Carnegie stage  10
Latin  metenteron
FMA  45618
Precursor  Mesenchyme
TE  E5.4.9.0.2.0.1
Hindgut

The hindgut (or epigaster) is the posterior (caudal) part of the alimentary canal. In mammals, it includes the distal third of the transverse colon and the splenic flexure, the descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. In zoology, the term hindgut refers also to the cecum and ascending colon.

Contents

Blood flow

Arterial supply is by the Inferior mesenteric artery, and venous drainage is to the portal venous system. Lymphatic drainage is to the chyle cistern.

Autonomic innervation

The hindgut is innervated via the inferior mesenteric plexus. Sympathetic innervation is from the Lumbar splanchnic nerves (L1-L2), parasympathetic innervation is from S2-S4.

References

Hindgut Wikipedia


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