| Himantoglossum hircinum, Barlia robertiana, Himantoglossum adriaticum, Himantoglossum caprinum|
Himantoglossum is a genus of orchids native to the Canary Islands, Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. Its members generally have a labellum which is divided into three parts, of which the middle part is the longest.
The genera Comperia and Barlia are now included in Himantoglossum.
As of April 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes the following species:Himantoglossum adriaticum H.Baumann - Italy, Austria, Czech Republic
Himantoglossum calcaratum (Beck) Schltr. - Greece, Bulgaria, European Turkey, former Yugoslavia
Himantoglossum caprinum (M.Bieb.) Spreng.
Himantoglossum caprinum subsp. caprinum - Crete and other Greek Islands, Crimea, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Palestine, Israel
Himantoglossum caprinum subsp. rumelicum H.Baumann & R.Lorenz - Czech Republic, former Yugoslavia, Greece, Krimea, North Caucasus, Turkey, Palestine, Israel
Himantoglossum comperianum (Steven) P.Delforge (syn. Comperia comperianum) - Crimea, Greek Islands, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel
Himantoglossum formosum (Steven) K.Koch - Caucasus, Iran
Himantoglossum galilaeum Shifman - Israel
Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. - southern and central Europe, North Africa, and Middle East from Britain south to Morocco, east to Iraq
Himantoglossum jankae Somlyay, Kreutz & Óvári -Balkans, Turkey, Hungary, Slovakia
Himantoglossum metlesicsianum (W.P.Teschner) P.Delforge - Canary Islands
Himantoglossum montis-tauri Kreutz & W.Lüders - Turkey, Greek Islands
Himantoglossum robertianum (Loisel.) P.Delforge (syn. Barlia robertianum) - Mediterranean from Portugal and Morocco east to Turkey
Himantoglossum × samariense C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis - Crete