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Hilton Kramer

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Full Name  Hilton Kramer
Years active  1950s–2006
Cause of death  Heart failure
Spouse(s)  Esta Kramer

Nationality  American
Name  Hilton Kramer
Occupation  Art critic, essayist
Role  Art critic
Hilton Kramer The Late Hilton Kramer Remembered Through a Sampling of

Born  March 25, 1928Gloucester, Massachusetts
Died  March 27, 2012, Harpswell, Maine, United States
Residence  Damariscotta, Maine, United States
Education  Indiana University Bloomington, The New School, Harvard University, Syracuse University, Columbia University
Books  The revenge of the Philist, The Age of the Avant‑Garde, The Twilight of the Intelle, The triumph of modernism, The Survival of Culture
Similar People  Roger Kimball, David Pryce‑Jones, John Gross, Keith Windschuttle, Roger Scruton

A Devastating Critique of Intellectuals (1999)

Hilton Kramer (March 25, 1928 – March 27, 2012) was an American art critic and essayist.


Hilton Kramer Hilton Kramer and When Criticism Is No Laughing Matter

Early life

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Kramer was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, and was educated at Syracuse University, receiving a Bachelor's degree in English; Columbia University; he studied literature and philosophy at Harvard University, Indiana University, and the New School for Social Research.


Hilton Kramer Postscript Hilton Kramer The New Yorker

Kramer worked as the editor of Arts Magazine, art critic for The Nation, and from 1965 to 1982, as chief art critic for The New York Times. He also published in the Art and Antiques Magazine and The New York Observer. Kramer's "Media Watch" column was published weekly in the New York Post from 1993 to November 1997.

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Kramer fought against leftwing political bias in art criticism, and what he perceived as the aesthetic nihilism characteristic of many 20th century working artists and art critics. The frustration with the journal's policies led to his resignation from The New York Times in 1982. He co-founded (with Samuel Lipman) the conservative magazine The New Criterion, for which Kramer was also co-editor and publisher. He took a strongly anti-Communist stance in his 2003 review of Anne Applebaum's Gulag: A History. In The Twilight of the Intellectuals (1999), he defended the anti-Communist views of art critic Clement Greenberg.

In 1952, Kramer took issue with a prevailing understanding of action painting as a "psychological event". He argued that such an understanding "denied the aesthetic efficacy of painting itself and attempted to remove art from the only sphere in which it can be truly experienced, which is the aesthetic sphere". He took issue with Pop art, Conceptual art, and Postmodern art. Kramer characterized postmodernism in the visual arts as "modernism with a sneer, a giggle, modernism without any animating faith in the nobility and pertinence of its cultural mandate". He was incisive in his distinction between modernism and postmodernism, referring to the age of postmodernism as "this age of irony and institutionalized subversion." He has contrasted this with ideals he found in modernism: "the discipline of truthfulness, the rigor of honesty."

Kramer contended that federal funding of the arts favored political correctness over artistic merit. He wrote in 1993:

The most significant thing about this bureaucratic leviathan is that it is completely captive to the political Left. Its principal purpose today is to advance the radical Left’s agenda for the cultural revolution that has already completed its “long march” through the universities and is currently in the process of annexing many other institutions of cultural life—the art museums, for example, where the revolution has made enormous inroads in programs and acquisitions, and in the policies of the foundations, corporations, and agencies of government that support museums.

Kramer faulted the Whitney Biennial for what he saw as a preoccupation with gender and ethnic identity. He wrote that the biennials "seem to be governed by a positive hostility toward — a really visceral distaste for — anything that might conceivably engage the eye in a significant or pleasurable visual experience."


Hilton Kramer died on March 27, 2012, in Harpswell, Maine, two days after his 84th birthday from heart failure, according to his wife, Esta Kramer.

Roger Kimball wrote:

[Kramer] was ... a stalwart defender of high culture at a time when the demotic forces of crass commercialism, political correctness, and academic hermeticism threatened to destroy the humanizing resources of the intellectual and moral tradition of the West.


  • 1973. The Age of the Avant-Garde. (ISBN 0-374-10238-4).
  • 1985. The Revenge of the Philistines. (ISBN 0-02-918470-3).
  • 1997 (coedited with Roger Kimball). The Future of the European Past. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.
  • 1999. The Twilight of the Intellectuals: Culture and Politics in the Era of the Cold War. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. {ISBN 1-56663-222-6
  • 2002 (coedited with Roger Kimball). The Survival of Culture: Permanent Values in a Virtual Age. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee (ISBN 1-56663-465-2).
  • 2003, "Remembering the Gulag" (review of Anne Applebaum, 2003. Gulag: A History, Doubleday), The New Criterion 21 (9):
  • 2006 The Triumph of Modernism: The Art World, 1985-2005 (ISBN 1566637082)
  • References

    Hilton Kramer Wikipedia