| 1966 (1966)|
| Modern Movement|
13 September 1999
| 2013 South Clark Street, Near South Side, Chicago, Illinois, United States|
54 W Cermak Rd, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
River City, Heyworth Building, Powhatan Apartments, Brooks Building, New York Life Insurance
Hilliard Towers Apartments, formerly known as the Raymond Hilliard Homes CHA housing project, is a residential high-rise development in the near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It was designed by Bertrand Goldberg and is located between Clark Street, State Street, and Cermak Road. In 1999, it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Raymond M. Hilliard Center Historic District.
Hilliard Towers Apartments Wikipedia
The Hiliard Towers are built on top of what was once The Levee, a "wide-open" urban district on the South Side of Chicago. Close to railroad stations and railroad yards, the district was informally set aside for purposes of organized prostitution until its closure in the 1910s. The shutdown of the Levee was spurred by a citywide crusade against human trafficking.
Design began in 1963, with the increasing demand for affordable public housing and urban renewal projects growing in popularity throughout the country. Goldberg designed the structure to be supported almost exclusively by the outer shell, as opposed to Marina City, which was supported by its core. His opinion of other public housing projects was that they were developed in such a way as to punish residents for being poor; Goldberg wanted to design a home that residents would be proud of. Residents were vetted carefully and as a result, crime and social problems at Hilliard Homes were considerably lower than at other CHA housing projects. It was the only project never to require a uniformed police detail. The twin cylindrical towers were reserved for seniors and the two adjoining half-circle buildings were reserved for low-income families.
By the early 1990s, the buildings had fallen into disrepair. In 1997, the CHA initiated a process of financing and redevelopment that would span 9 years, ending in 2006. The property is currently mixed-income, with a combination of middle-class residents paying market rate, plus low-income families and senior citizens with Section 8 vouchers.