Girish Mahajan

Highways in Hungary

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Highways in Hungary

Hungarian road categories are as follows:

Contents

  • Gyorsforgalmi út (controlled-access highway):
  • Autópálya (motorway): 2+2 travel lanes and 1+1 emergency lane, central reservation, no at-grade intersections, speed limit: 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph)
  • Gyorsút (high-speed highway): 2+2 travel lanes, central reservation, few at-grade intersections, speed limit: 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph)
  • Autóút (expressway): 2+2, 2+1 or 1+1 travel lanes, central reservation, some at-grade intersections, speed limit: 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph)
  • Elsődrendő főút (primary arterial road or primary main road) (with one digit in their name, e.g.: 6-os főút)
  • Másodrendű főút (secondary main road) (with two or three digits, e.g.: 57-es főút)
  • Helyi út (local road) (with three or more digits)
  • etc.

    According to the Állami Autópályakezelő Zrt. ("State Motorway Management Plc."), the total length of the Hungarian motorway system was 1,400.6 kilometers in 2013. The construction of the Hungarian motorway system started in 1964 with M7, which finished in 1975 between Budapest and the Lake Balaton. The total length of the system reached 200 km in 1980, 500 km in 1998 and 1000 km in 2007.

    Toll requirements

    The e-vignette user charge system applies to motorcycles, passenger cars and their trailers, as well as cargo vehicles with a maximum permissible gross weight of 3.5 tonnes, campers and buses,and theirtrailers. These vehicles are authorized touse the Hungarian toll speedway network’s roads exclusively withpre-purchased –purchased prior to entering a tollspeedway section– roaduse authorization, i.e. e-vignettes. The amount of toll charges depends on the category of the vehicle and the type of thee-vignette. The category of the motorvehicles must be determined according to the official entry that appears in the vehicle registration certificate , based on the maximum permissible grossweight of the motor vehicle and the number of persons it is allowed to transport.

    Hungarian system has 2 main type in terms of salary.

    1, time-based fee vignettes (E-matrica) with a validity of either 10 days (2975 HUF), 1 month (4780 HUF) or 1 year (42980 HUF). The following motorway sections are toll-free for cars up to 3.5 t:

  • the following sections of the M0 expressway: - 63 km
  • the section between Main Road 1 (exit -1) and the M5 motorway (exit 32),
  • the section between M4 expressway (exit 41) and M3 motorway (exit 68),
  • Megyeri Bridge (the section between Main Road 11 and Main Road 2), (exit 74-77).
  • the M31 motorway - 12 km
  • the section of M4 expressway (sign of Main Road 4) between the road leading from Vecsés to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (section between km section 19+550 and km section 20+518)
  • the M8 motorway
  • the Pécs south-west loop section of the M60 motorway between roads no. 58 (exit 30) and 5826 (exit 32) - 2 km
  • 2, regional vignettes

    As of 1 January 2007 a new system of electronic toll aka a distance toll for vehicles with a weight exceeding 12 tons has been introduced for motorways and some roads of the first class (silnice první třídy), totally cca 200 km. As of 1 January 2010, this applies also to vehicles over 3.5 tons. There is an ongoing public discussion on imposition of electronic toll for all cars and vehicles.

    History

    Development of the overall length (at the end of):

    List of highways system in Hungary

    The motorways in Hungary, Hungarian: autópálya (abbr. M), are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction, with an emergency lane. The speed limit is 130 km/h or 80 mph. Their highway shields are white on blue and road signs are white on blue.

    The expressways in Hungary, Hungarian: autóút, are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction. The speed limit is 110 km/h or 70 mph. Their highway shields are white on blue and road signs are white on blue, as well.

    As of 1 January 2016, the Hungarian motorway network comprises 13 motorways, 13 expressways, some fast road (R). Nowadays, 21 of them are at least partially operational, but only 9 (M1, M5, M7, M15, M19, M31, M43, M51 and M70) have been completed by the end of 2016.

    Expressways (autóutak)

  • Road 3 between M3 and Gyöngyös (7 km)
  • Several parts of Road 4 between Budapest and Püspökladány
  • Road 5 between M5 and Kecskemét (8 km)
  • Road 6 between Szekszárd and Tolna (4 km)
  • Several parts of Road 8 between Veszprém and Székesfehérvár
  • Road 11 between Budapest and Szentendre (4 km and 9 km within the city limit of Budapest)
  • Several parts of Road 21 between Hatvan and Salgótarján
  • Road 26 between Miskolc and Sajóbábony (10 km)
  • Road 44 between Békéscsaba and Gyula (11 km)
  • Road 47 between Szeged and Hódmezővásárhely (24 km)
  • Road 84 between Sopron and the border with Austria (4 km)
  • Correlation with European routes

    This is a list of European routes that shows which parts of them run through Hungary.

    West-East routes:

    North-South routes:

    References

    Highways in Hungary Wikipedia


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