Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

High Courts (Malaysia)

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Established  1957
Website  www.kehakiman.gov.my
Authorized by  Constitution of Malaysia
Country  Malaysia
Phone  +60 3-6209 4000
Currently  Richard Malanjum
High Courts (Malaysia)
Composition method  Royal appointment with the advice of the Prxdxvxxime Minister
Judge term length  Compulsory retirement at age 66
No. of positions  Peninsular Malaysia: 60 (including 16 vacancies)Sabah and Sarawak: 13 (including 5 vacancies)
Address  Jalan Tuanku Abdul Halim, Kompleks Kerajaan, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Decisions are appealed to  Court of Appeal of Malaysia
Similar  Kompleks Mahkamah Kuala Lu, Mahkamah Sesyen Dan Maji, Mahkamah Syariah Wilayah, Mahkamah Tinggi Kuala Lu, Industrial Court

The High Courts in Malaysia are the third-highest courts in the hierarchy of courts, after the Federal Court and the Court of Appeal. Article 121 of the Constitution of Malaysia provides that there shall be two High Courts of co-ordinate jurisdiction—the High Court in Malaya and the High Court in Sabah and Sarawak (before 1994, the High Court in Borneo). Before 1969, the High Court in Singapore was also part of the Malaysian courts system (see Law of Singapore).


The High Court in Malaya has its principal registry in Kuala Lumpur, with other registries to be found in all states in peninsular Malaysia, while the High Court in Sabah and Sarawak has its principal registry in Kuching, with other registries elsewhere in Sabah and Sarawak. There are in total 22 High Court registries across all 13 states in Malaysia. The two High Courts also travel on circuit to other smaller towns.

The two High Courts, the Court of Appeal and the Federal Court are classified as superior courts, while the Magistrates' Courts and the Sessions Courts are classified as the subordinate courts. The High Courts function both as a court of original jurisdiction as well as an appellate court, and are each headed by a Chief Judge (before 1994, Chief Justice). The Chief Judges of Malaya and Sabah and Sarawak are the third and fourth highest positions in Malaysian judiciary after the Chief Justice of the Federal Court (before 1994, the Lord President of the Federal Court) and the President of the Court of Appeal.

High Court registries in Malaysia

All High Court registries and the subordinate courts found in Peninsular Malaysia including the courts in the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya are under the jurisdiction of the High Court in Malaya. Similarly, all courts found in East Malaysia are under the jurisdiction of the High Court in Sabah and Sarawak including the courts in the Federal Territory of Labuan.

Chief Justices of the Federation of Malaya (1957–1963)

  • 1957–1963: Tun Sir James Thomson
  • Chief Justices of Malaysia (1963–present)

  • 1963–1966: Tun Syed Sheh Hassan Barakbah
  • 1966–1968: Mohamed Azmi Mohamed
  • 1968–1973: Ong Hock Thye
  • 1973–1974: Tun Mohamed Suffian Mohamed Hashim
  • 1974–1979: Sarwan Singh Gill
  • 1979–1982: Raja Azlan Shah
  • 1982–1984: Tun Salleh Abas
  • 1984–1988: Tun Abdul Hamid Omar
  • 1988–1992: Hashim Yeop Sani
  • 1992–1994: Gunn Chit Tuan
  • 1994-2000: Tun Eusoff Chin
  • 2000-2003: Tun Mohamed Dzaiddin Abdullah
  • 2003-2007: Tun Ahmad Fairuz Abdul Halim
  • 2007-2008: Tun Abdul Hamid Mohamad
  • 2008-2011: Tun Zaki Tun Azmi
  • 2011-present: Tun Arifin Zakaria
  • Chief Judges of Malaya (1994–present)

  • 1994: Tun Eusoff Chin
  • 1994–1998: Anuar Zainal Abidin
  • 1998–2001: Wan Adnan Ismail
  • 2001–2002: Ahmad Fairuz Abdul Halim
  • 2002–2004: Haidar Mohamed Noor
  • 2004–2006: Siti Norma Yaakob
  • 2007–2008: Alauddin Sheriff
  • 2008–2011: Arifin Zakaria
  • 2011-Present Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin
  • Chief Justice of Singapore (1963–1969)

  • 1963–1969: Wee Chong Jin
  • Chief Justices of North Borneo (to 1951)

  • 1934–1941 Charles Frederick C. Macaskie
  • * 1942–45 Japanese occupation

    Chief Justices of the Combined Judiciary of Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei (1951–1963)

  • 1951–1952 Sir Ivor Llewellyn Brace
  • 1959–1963 Sir John Ainley
  • 1963 Sir William Campbell Wylie
  • Chief Justices of Borneo (1963–1994)

  • 1963–1965: Sir William Campbell Wylie
  • 1965–1968: Philip Ernest Housden Pike
  • 1968–1973: Ismail Khan Ibrahim Khan
  • 1974–1990: Lee Hun Hoe
  • 1991–1994: Mohamad Jemuri Serjan
  • Chief Judges of Sabah and Sarawak (1994–present)

  • 1994: Mohamad Jemuri Serjan
  • 1995–2000: Chong Siew Fai
  • 2000–2006: Steve Shim Lip Kiong
  • 2006–present: Richard Malanjum
  • References

    High Courts (Malaysia) Wikipedia

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