Siddhesh Joshi

Henri Frankfort

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Name  Henri Frankfort

Role  Archaeologist
Henri Frankfort f1fsmwikidicomafaaa4af08ef49b49a9b518187a1b
Born  24 February 1897 (1897-02-24) Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Alma mater  University of Amsterdam University College London University of Leiden
Institutions  Oriental Institute, University of Chicago Warburg Institute, University of London
Died  July 16, 1954, London, United Kingdom
Education  Leiden University (1927), University of Amsterdam
Awards  Guggenheim Fellowship for Humanities, US & Canada
Books  The art and architecture of the anc, Kingship and the gods, Ancient Egyptian Religion, The birth of civilization in the Ne, Cylinder seals

Henri "Hans" Frankfort (24 February 1897 – 16 July 1954) was a Dutch Egyptologist, archaeologist and orientalist.


Henri Frankfort Henri Frankfort Wikipedia

Early life and education

Henri Frankfort Sumerian Archaeologists Henri Frankfort Ray A Davis

Born in Amsterdam, Frankfort studied history at the University of Amsterdam and then moved to London, where in 1924, he took an MA under Sir Flinders Petrie at the University College. In 1927 he gained a Ph.D. from the University of Leiden.


Between 1925 and 1929 Frankfort was the director of the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) of London at El-Amarna, Abydos and Armant. In 1929 he was invited by Henry Breasted to become field director of the Oriental Institute (OI) of Chicago expedition to Iraq.

In 1931 he became correspondent of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, he resigned in late 1944. He became foreign member in 1950.

In 1937 Frankfort and Emil Kraeling identified a woman on the Burney Relief (c 1700BCE) as Lilith of later Jewish mythology, though this identification is now generally rejected.

In 1939 he published what Gary Beckman considers to be perhaps his most influential scholarly achievement "Cylinder Seals: A Documentary Essay on the Art and Religion of the Ancient Near East". In a collaborative work with his wife, John A. Wilson and Thorkild Jacobsen he published "The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man" in 1946, an influential work on the nature of myth and reality. Frankfort published Kingship and the Gods in 1948, "a classic work" in the opinion of John Baines. In 1948 he became director of the Warburg Institute in London. Along with EA Wallis Budge, he was revolutionary for his time for suggesting that Egyptian civilization, culturally, religiously, and ethnically arose from an African, instead of an Asian base. He wrote 15 books and monographs and about 73 articles for journals about ancient Egypt, archaeology and cultural anthropology, especially on the religious systems of the Ancient Near East.

Erik Hornung in his influential work "Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt, The One and the Many" acknowledged his debt to previous work done by Henri Frankfort.

He died in London.

Personal life

He married Henriette Antonia Groenewegen and later Enriqueta Harris.


Henri Frankfort Wikipedia

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