Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Help desk software

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Help desk software refers to a computer program that enables customer-care operators keep track of user requests and deal with other customer-care-related issues. It is what makes customer-care service efficient and enterprising.


Generally, help desk software is part of an umbrella category called service desk, which includes asset management and IT service management. Oftentimes, the two terms are used interchangeably. Nevertheless, help desk software specifically refers to the system that addresses customer queries.

Indeed, customer service and help desk software systems have become increasingly popular in recent times. According to a recent report, there is massive increase in sales of customer relationship management (CRM) software, which includes help desk software across the globe.


The history of help desk software dates back to the 20th century when businesses relied mostly on face-to-face interaction to resolve customer issues. Customers had to visit a company’s store or office with the product to get their problems solved.

With the invention of the telephone in 1876, and the telephone switchboard in the 1890s, help desk assumed a better approach. Customers were able to reach their company and voice out their problem over the phone system. During the 20th century era, companies used mainly equipment like dictation machines, typewriters, and dumb terminals with access to a mainframe computer, to address customer issues. The earliest use of computers for customer service was done through the use of mainframe software. Customers would submit paper forms or communicate their issue by phone to customer service agents who would seek for avenues to handle the issues.

In the 1960s, companies began to set up call centers and also train staff to receive and handle customer enquiries in an organized and efficient manner. This was the era of Interactive voice response (IVR) which became a big boost to telephone customer service system. Later on, Desktop PCs and email significantly improved help desk systems. Customers could communicate their problems by email, bypassing paper forms. Help desk agents could provide status updates and resolutions by email as well.

Meanwhile, the actual introduction of help desk systems began in the 1980 when the internet was officially made available for public use. Many companies started outsourcing their customer service department. This led to massive use of email and live chat systems in the 1990s. This new development enabled several US companies to outsource their help desk to low-cost countries like India and the Philippines.

In any case the real invention of help desk software came in the 2000s when companies began to use diverse kind of software packages to deal with customer-care issues. This led to the massive production of different kinds of help desk software programs across the internet and the world at large. In recent times, the internet and networked systems make help desk software more interactive and participatory for customers and the agents. Customer can now submit and track their issues more easily.

Basic characteristics

Help desk software automates customer services in diverse ways. It typically consists of at least three parts. These include Ticket Management, Automation Suite, and Reporting/Optimization.

Help desk software has a point of contact for customers to send their queries and a ticketing system that tracks and organizes issues for faster resolution. It may also have a feature that aggregates and organizes queries and answers into a knowledge base, such as FAQs or guide articles. The software can have multiple points of contact, working dashboard, and analytics section. It may also have a feature that allows agents to escalate issues to a higher level.

More advanced help desk applications feature insights and analytics, automated processes, multiple contact channels, reporting tools, collaboration tools, and a CRM feature.


Today help desk software is generally classified by its deployment, business size of the target users, or source code accessibility. The basic types include:

  • Web help desk software
  • On-premises help desk software
  • Enterprise help desk software
  • Open-source help desk software
  • Cloud based help desk software
  • Most brands and models of help desk software in use today fall in one of the classifications outlined above.

    Current trends

    Web-based and cloud-hosted help desk software packages are becoming very popular today. Social network channels are also being widely used as they are both interactive and allow for effective community support. The new generation of help desk software also offers real-time updates and uses remote desktop access.

    The future of help desk software

    With the massive increase in development and use of help desk software, the future holds more for companies that make use of these system. Based on current trends, the future projection envisages the following points for the help desk software technology:

  • Faster resolution of tickets
  • Greater integration of cloud computing
  • Greater support for app and devices
  • More use of the remote access methodology
  • Integration of better self-service resources and tools
  • Benefits

    The following benefits are typically associated with help desk software:

  • Standard help desk software in use today handles complex databases of customer queries and profiles, call reports, resolution logs, and service level agreements.
  • Businesses of all sizes resolve their customer and employee support issues quickly and consistently with the use of help desk software.
  • Help desk software automates tasks such as: ticket categorization and prioritization, ticket routing, alerts and notifications, ticket status management, and so on. With the right help desk solution, workload is cut down as many tasks such as issue tracking, assigning, and ticket management can be automated.
  • Help desk software provides better customer experience. Help desk software can manage a knowledge base or FAQ page.
  • Disadvantages

    Despite benefits of help desk software, there are some disadvantages related to it as well, mainly:

  • Many help desk software platforms have expensive upfront costs as well as time-consuming implementation periods, which can significantly drain company resources. Especially on-premises help desk services can be very costly, although cloud-based solutions can incur higher costs over longer periods of time.
  • Cloud-based help desk software can become partially or entirely unavailable to users without an Internet connection. Consequently, unexpected disruptions in Internet connection may make such services temporarily unavailable.
  • Many of the problems listed above can easily be surmounted if proper research and inquiries are made beforehand.


    Help desk software Wikipedia

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