Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Higher classification  Molluscs
Phylum  Mollusca
Rank  Class
Helcionelloida httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Molluscs, Rostroconchia, Tryblidiida, Monoplacophora, Yochelcionella

Helcionelloida is an extinct group of ancient molluscs (phylum Mollusca). These are the oldest known conchiferan molluscs, that is, they had a mineralised shell. Some members of this class were mistaken for Monoplacophorans. The class was erected by Peel in 1991.


Helcionelloida Phylum Mollusca


These animals were untorted and they had a coiled, cone-shaped shell. The majority of species were small (shells being about two millimeters in length and or diameter). Modern reconstructions depict them as resembling snails. The shells of some genera, particularly Yochelcionella, also possessed a "snorkel"-like opening which was most likely used for breathing.

2005 taxonomy

The taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005 categorizes members of this taxon within the Paleozoic molluscs of uncertain systematic position, but that taxonomy to not use the name Helcionelloida.

2006-2007 taxonomy

Taxonomy of helcionelloid according to the opinion of P. Yu. Parkhaev:

Gastropoda Cuvier, 1797

Subclass Archaeobranchia Parkhaev, 2001

  • Order Helcionelliformes Golikov & Starobogatov, 1975
  • Superfamily Helcionelloidea Wenz, 1938
  • Family Helcionellidae Wenz, 1938
  • Family Igarkiellidae Parkhaev, 2001
  • Family Coreospiridae Knight, 1947
  • Superfamily Yochelcionelloidea Runnegar & Jell, 1976
  • Family Trenellidae Parkhaev, 2001
  • Family Yochelcionellidae Runnegar & Jell, 1976
  • Family Stenothecidae Runnegar & Jell, 1980
  • Subfamily Stenothecinae Runnegar & Jell, 1980
  • Subfamily Watsonellinae Parkhaev, 2001
  • Order Pelagiellifomes MacKinnon, 1985
  • Family Pelagiellidae Knight, 1952
  • Family Aldanellidae Linsley et Kier, 1984
  • Subclass Divasibranchia Minichev & Starobogatov, 1975

  • Order Khairkhaniifomes Parkhaev, 2001
  • Family Khairkhaniidae Missarzhevsky, 1989
  • Subclass Dextrobranchia Minichev & Starobogatov, 1975

  • Order Onychochiliformes Minichev & Starobogatov, 1975
  • Family Onychochilidae Koken, 1925
  • References

    Helcionelloida Wikipedia