Region served Worldwide
|Type Hapkido Organization|
|Purpose Joint locks, pressure points, throws, kicks, strikes|
Headquarters California, United States
Hapkidowon (Hangul:합기도원) was founded by Hong Sik Myung in 1981 in the US state of Michigan. Hapkidowon is also known as World Hapkido Headquarters (Hangul: 세계합기도본부), and Foundation of the World Hapkido. Hapkidowon is the center of Hapkido instructor education, issues official instructor Dan (black belt) and certifications, provides seminars and leads and guides the Hapkido organization and school. Hapkidowon train leaders of the art on sound mind, body and spirit in accordance with the principles of Hapkido. Hapkidowon focuses on unity and the interests of Hapkido artists. Hapkidowon rewards those who contribute to the improvement of the art, the community and Hapkidowon itself.
Hong Sik Myung started Hapkido at WonHyo Dojang in 1960. He participated in "1st Korean National Hapkido Unified Demonstration" at Seoul, Korea, in 1968. He became an instructor of Korea Hapkido YonMuKwan SangDo Dojang in 1970. He became a chief master instructor of Korea Hapkido YonMuKwan (대한합기도연무관, also spelled YonMooKwan and YeonMuKwan) Headquarters in 1973 and took over Korea Hapkido YonMuKwan Association. He moved to the United States in 1981, and opened Myung's Hapkido in Detroit, Michigan. He organized World Hapkido Headquarters - Hapkidowon in 1981, which relocated to Corona, California, in 2004.
Hapkidowon is a place of education for the dynamic art of Hapkido in its authentic form. Offensive and defensive skills are taught in various real world applications in the following scenarios: empty hand vs. empty hand(맨손 對 맨손), empty hand vs. weapon or weapon vs. empty hand (맨손 對 무기) and weapon vs. weapon (무기 對 무기). Empty hand techniques include joint locking, kicking, punching, throwing and immobilization. Weapons techniques include the knife, cane, rope, Dan bong, Jung Bong, Jang bong, So Bong and sword.
Hapkidowon philosophy and teachings are composed of moral ethics in addition to physical techniques with the belief that those who are trained in the art must also learn to use their skills responsibly.
Meaning of Hapkidowon
Hap: 합:合 = Hap means "harmony", "coordinated" or "joining"; put [bring] together, combine, unite, join together
Ki : 기: 氣 = Ki describes internal energy, spirit, strength, or power; vigor, energy, vitality, strength, force, spirits, stamina, virility
Do : 도:道 = Do means "way" or "art", yielding a literal translation of "joining-energy-way"
Won:원:院 = Won means: house for learning, foundation, academy.
Hapkidowon(Hangul: 합기도원)means house for learning Hapkido. It is the International Hapkido Organization, also known as World Hapkido Headquarters (Hangul: 세계합기도본부), and home to authentic Hapkido
Meaning of the Hapkidowon symbol
The symbol represents the principles of Hapkido’s concept and technique in the form of 원(won, circle), 방(bahng, square), and 각(gahk, triangle). Won represents the heaven (or universe), bahng within the won represents the earth, and the gahk represents a man. As the logo shows, the earth is contained within the universe and the earth is surrounded by men. The symbol is the unification of the universe, the earth and the man: this is the Hapkido’s accord and principle.
It represents the boundless or limitless (無極, Mu Geuk) Grand Way (大道, Dae Doh) to Unify (十, Siep – meaning numeral ten – also represents combined whole) the Heaven (上, Sang), Earth (下, Hah), and All Points (八方, Pahl-Bahng) of a man’s surrounding (氣, Ki). Therefore, 上下八方無極大道 means in short “The way to unify the boundless heaven and earth with a man’s surrounding Ki”.
The globe represents the vision of the Hapkidowon to create the international cultural heritage beneficial to all mankind through Hapkido in all corners of the world. And the logo bears the word 합기도원 (Hapkidowon) in Korean where the art was born, and supplemented with the Hapkidowon, World Hapkido Headquarters.