Harman Patil

HMS Garland (1800)

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Name  Mars
Launched  1798, or 1799,
Name  HMS Garland
Builder  Bordeaux
Captured  31 March 1800
Acquired  31 March 1800 by capture

HMS Garland was the French privateer Mars, launched in 1798 that Amethyst captured in 1800. The Royal Navy took her into service and sent her out to the Jamaica Station. There she had a brief, uneventful career before she was wrecked in 1803.

Contents

Origins and capture

Mars was one of the many corvettes built in Bordeaux for privateer warfare. She was commissioned circa 1798 under Captain Estrenne. Though pierced for 24 cannon, she carried 22.

Late on 31 March 1800, Amethyst, with Nymphe, captured Mars. Mars was armed with twenty 12-pounder guns and two 36-pounder carronades, and carried a crew of 180 men. She had taken several prizes and was returning to port when Nymphe captured her. Captain John Cooke described Mars as being "one of the finest Privateers fitted out of Bourdeaux." The British took Mars into service as Garland, there being a Mars in service, and a Garland having been wrecked in 1798, freeing the name.

Career

Garland was commissioned in September 1800 under the command of Commander John Acworth Ommanney. This was a temporary appointment that Earl Spencer arranged for him while he was convalescing from an illness. On 16 October Spencer sent Ommanney a commission as post captain. Captain Robert Honyman replaced Ommanney that month, for the Channel.

Garland shared in the recapture, on 3 April 1801, with Renard and Suffisante, of the brig Swan . Also, on 6 April, Garland brought into Portsmouth a French brig with a cargo of wheat.

Then on 21 June Honyman and Garland conveyed Admiral Robert Montague to Jamaica. There Honyman transferred to Topaze, which he sailed back to England, returning on 12 October 1801. Honyman's replacement on Garland was Captain James Carhew.

On 27 January 1803 Captain John Serrel, late of Ecjp, was made post captain into Garland. His replacement, in May 1803 or so, was Captain Frederick Cotterell.

Loss

In November Garland was cruising with a squadron off the northern coast of Santo Domingo. Sent to investigate a strange sail, she made little headway in the light winds. Unfortunately, towards evening, a current caught her close to shore and she grounded on the Caracole reef off Cap Fran├žois. Despite efforts to lighten her, she took on water and fell on her side. The other vessels of the squadron came to her aid and took off her crew and such stores and provisions as could be saved. On 11 November, the day after she grounded, her crew set her on fire, which destroyed her.

References

HMS Garland (1800) Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Inu to Anata no Monogatari
The Lorry
Ray Marinko
Topics