| George III|
| The Lord Hawkesbury|
The Lord Hawkesbury
| 1 September 1758
Wimbledon Park, London (1758-09-01) |
November 10, 1834, Althorp, United Kingdom
John Spencer, Viscount Althorp, Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer, Sarah Lyttelton, Baroness Lyttelton
John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, Georgiana Spencer, Countess Spencer
Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, Henrietta Ponsonby, Countess of Bessborough
Harrow School, Trinity College, Cambridge
Georgiana Cavendish - Duchess, William Cavendish - 5th Duke, Georgiana Spencer - Countess, Charles Spencer - 6th Earl S, William Cavendish - 6th Duke
The Lord Grenville
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer Wikipedia
George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, (1 September 1758 – 10 November 1834), styled Viscount Althorp from 1765 to 1783, was a British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.
Lord Spencer was born at Wimbledon Park, London, the son of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, and his wife Margaret Georgiana Poyntz, daughter of Stephen Poyntz, and was baptised there on 16 October 1758. His godparents were King George II, the Earl Cowper (his grandmother's second husband) and his great-aunt the Dowager Viscountess Bateman. His sister Lady Georgiana married the Duke of Devonshire and became a famed Whig hostess. He was educated at Harrow School from 1770 to 1775 and he won the school's Silver Arrow (an archery prize) in 1771. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1776 to 1778 and graduated with a Master of Arts. He acceded to the earldom upon the death of his father in 1783.
Lord Spencer was Whig Member of Parliament for Northampton from 1780 to 1782 and Whig MP for Surrey from 1782 to 1783. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1794 and served under William Pitt the Younger as Lord Privy Seal in 1794 and as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1794 to 1801. He was later Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 under Lord Grenville in the Ministry of All the Talents.
Lord Spencer was also High Steward of St Albans from 1783 to 1807, Mayor of St Albans in 1790, President of the Royal Institution from 1813 to 1825 and Commissioner of the Public Records in 1831. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1780 and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1785. He was appointed to the Order of the Garter in 1799. On 18 February 1793, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Northamptonshire.
Spencer was noted for his interest in literature and particularly in early examples of printing. He was the instigator and first President of the Roxburghe Club (an exclusive bibliophilic club), founded in 1812. When Napoleon instigated the secularization of religious houses in south Germany, Spencer used local British agent and Benedictine monk, Alexander Horn, to acquire many of their rare books and manuscripts.
His collection of tens of thousands of volumes, which included the most nearly complete collection of Aldine editions ever brought together, was put up for sale in 1892 and acquired by Enriqueta Rylands for the John Rylands Library and it was indexed by Alice Margaret Cooke.
Lord Spencer married Lady Lavinia Bingham (1762–1831), daughter of Charles Bingham, 1st Earl of Lucan, on 6 March 1781. They had nine children:John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer (1782–1845)
Lady Sarah Spencer (1787–1870), married William Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton, and had issue.
Hon. Richard Spencer (1789–1791), died in infancy.
Captain Hon. Sir Robert Cavendish Spencer (1791–1830), died unmarried at sea.
Hon. William Spencer (b. & d. 1792), died in infancy.
Lady Harriet Spencer (b. & d. 1793), died in infancy.
Lady Georgiana Charlotte Spencer (1794–1823), married Lord George Quin, son of Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort, and had issue.
Vice-Admiral Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer (1798–1857)
The Very Reverend Hon. George Spencer (later known as Father Ignatius Spencer (1799–1864), died unmarried.
Lady Spencer died in June 1831, aged 68. Lord Spencer survived her by three years and died in November 1834, aged 76, at Althorp, and was buried in the nearby village of Great Brington on 19 November of that year.
The Spencer, a type of short jacket from which the UK military mess jacket is derived, is named for George Spencer, reportedly because he had a tail-coat adapted after its tails were burned by coals from a fire.1758–1761: Mr George J. Spencer
1761–1765: The Honourable George J. Spencer
1765–1780: Viscount Althorp
1780: Viscount Althorp FRS
1780–1783: Viscount Althorp FRS MP
1783–1785: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer FRS
1785–1793: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer FRS FSA
1793–1794: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer DL FRS FSA
1794–1799: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer PC DL FRS FSA
1799–1834: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer KG PC DL FRS FSA