Sneha Girap

Gwangju

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Country  South Korea
Population  1.418 million (2005)
Area  501.24 km2
Region  Honam
Mayor  Yoon Jang-hyun
Points of interest  Gwangju National Museum, Mudeungsan, Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju Mudeung Baseball Stadium
Colleges and Universities  Chonnam National University, Chosun University, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju University, Honam University

Gwangju is the sixth largest city in South Korea. It is a designated metropolitan city under the direct control of the central governments Home Minister. The city was also the capital of South Jeolla Province until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak in Muan County in 2005.

Contents

Map of Gwangju

Gwang (?, Chinese letter: ?) means "light" and Ju (?, Chinese letter: ?) means "province." Areas of exquisite scenery along the outskirts of the city gave birth to gasa, a form of Korean classical poetry. Located in the center of the agricultural Jeolla region, the city is also famous for its rich and diverse cuisine.

Korea trip welcome to gwangju


Teaching english in gwangju south korea


History

Gwangju in the past, History of Gwangju

The city was established in 57 BC, and has been a major political and economic centre of Korea ever since. It was one of the administrative centres of Baekje during the Three Kingdoms Period.

Gwangju in the past, History of Gwangju

In 1929, during the period of Japanese rule, a confrontation between Korean and Japanese students in the city turned into a regional demonstration, which culminated in one of the major nationwide uprisings against Japanese rule during the colonial period.

Modern industry was established in Gwangju with the construction of a railway to Seoul. Some of the industries that took hold include cotton textiles, rice mills and breweries. Construction of a designated industrial zone in 1967 encouraged marked growth in industry, especially in the sectors linked to the automobile industry.

In May 1980, peaceful demonstrations took place in Gwangju against the newly installed military government of Chun Doo-hwan. The demonstrations were brutally suppressed by military forces, including elite units of the Special Operations Command. The situation escalated after a violent crackdown, resulting in the Gwangju Uprising, where the civilians raided armories and armed themselves. By the time that the uprising was suppressed, many hundred civilians and a few policemen / soldiers were dead. After civilian rule was reinstated, a national cemetery was established honouring the victims of the incident.

In 1986, Gwangju separated from Jeollanam-do to become a Directly Governed City (Jikhalsi), and then became a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi) in 1995.

Gwangju is the main campaign capital of the liberal Democratic United Party, and its predecessors.

Tourism

Gwangju Tourist places in Gwangju
  • Asian Culture Complex Information Center – As of October 2010, the Asian Culture Complex is under construction and is due to open in 2014. The Asian Culture Complex Information Center is in operation.More about Asian Culture Complex Information Center
  • Gwangju Biennale – It is an internationally renowned modern art festival that is held every two years. It was first launched in 1995. The Gwangju Biennale Exhibition Hall is located at the Jung-oe Park Culture Center and the Science Center.
  • Gwangju Culture & Art Center – The Center regularly hosts events.Gwangju Culture & Art Center Official Website
  • Gwangju Hyanggyo (Confucian School) – Gwangju Hyanggyo is located in the Gwangju Park in Sa-dong. There are many traditional houses here estimated as built during the 1st year of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392. This is a precious national asset as this school continues to hold memorial ceremonies for Confucius twice a year. Admission is free. More about Gwangju Hyanggyo
  • Gwangju National Museum – The museum houses a permanent collection of historical art and cultural relics that date back to the old Joseon and Goryeo periods of Korean history. The museum also organizes various special exhibitions and cultural learning activities that are open to all.
  • Gwangju 5.18Road – 5.18 Road is the course about the Democratisation Movement in 1980. The courses include the historical places. Anyone can apply for this program and choose the course. More about 5.18Road
  • May 18th National Cemetery
  • Culture

  • 2002 FIFA World Cup – Gwangju World Cup Stadium was one of the venues used for the World Cup, and was where the South Korea national football team advanced to the semi-finals for the first time in its history, by defeating Spain.
  • It is the home of KIA Tigers of the Korea Professional Baseball League (KBO)
  • It is the home of Gwangju FC of the Korea Professional Soccer League (K-League)
  • Universiade – It will be the venue for the 2015 Summer Universiade games.
  • The 3rd Asia Song Festival, organised by Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange, in 2006, was held at the Gwangju World Cup Stadium.
  • The International Design Alliance (IDA) appointed Gwangju as the host destination of the 2015 IDA Congress.
  • Festivals A large variety of festivals are held in Gwangju (ko:?????? ?? ??)
  • 2014 Gwangju ACE Fair (Asia Content & Entertainment Fair)
  • 2011 kimchi festival gwangju food interviews


    References

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