Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste do Parana
December 9, 1810
Luiz Fernando Ribas Carli (PP)
Guarapuava (population: 172,000) is a city in the mid south of Parana state in Brazil. It is the largest municipality in that state by area.
Guarapuava is located at 25°2336" south and 51°2719" west. The region is known as the centre of the state of Parana, in the third plateau, also called of the Plateau of Guarapuava. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1770, and founded in 1810, the citys name comes from tupy guarani meaning brave wolf (lobo bravo in Portuguese). Its elevation is 1120m (3675ft).
The first families to settle in the city were formed through the Tropeiros, which came from Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul. These families had their roots in Poland, Italy and Germany. The citys birthday is celebrated on December 9, due to the beginning of colonisation between Rio Coutinho and Rio Jordao, in the goodwill of Nossa Senhora de Belem in 1819.
The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Guarapuava.
Discovered by the Portuguese in 1770 and founded in 1810, the city name comes from Tupi - Guara (wolf), Puava (brave). The city has the commemorative date of the anniversary date of December 9, due to the onset of colonization between Rio Coutinho and the Rio Jordao in the parish of Our Lady of Bethlehem in 1819, with the demarcation of village and church.
This location was chosen to start because of colonization at the time had a predilection to take up the field, with broad horizons, that through this natural feature, offering ease of defense against the Indians.
The first villages started up near Jaguariaiva, Pirai, Furnas, Castro, and Iapo Pouso of Ponta Grossa. Cities formed along the long path south until you come near the region where it is today the City of Guarapuava.
Its urban area has important role in its initial phase of Chagas Father Francisco Lima, who has started the occupation, based on some criteria of aesthetics, looking for the requirements contained in the charter of April 1, 1809, Count of Linhares, already determined that the standards to be followed by the buildings to be built. As for the point-core refers to Cathedral of Our Lady of Bethlehem, located at the top of the River Basin Cascavel, which was an important reference point for society of the time. The first mayor of Guarapuava was Colonel Pedro Lustosa de Siqueira.
In the year 1852, on July 17, the town of Our Lady of Bethlehem, was elevated to the category of town. On May 2, 1859 the district was created in Guarapuava, and Jose Antonio Araujo Vasconcelos of the first court of law. The Town of Our Lady of Bethlehem received annual city on April 12, 1871, by Law No. 271. Being separated from the municipality of Castro.
The agricultural sector represents approximately 18% of the composition of GDP. The council has strong participation in agricultural production in the state. It is one of the largest producers of potato-English Brazil and also a major producer of corn, soybeans and barley. The industry has 35% share of the GDP, and the timber industry is the industrial activity that most employees. Manufacture of paper and cardboard, beverage, chemical inputs, and agro-food industry also has strong participation. The service sector is growing gradually and now includes about 47% of Guarapuava GDP.
Altitude: 1.200 M over the ocean level
Area: 3.115,329 km2
Distance to Paranagua: 361 km
Distance to Curitiba: 258 km
The main sights of Guarapuava are: the Cathedral of Our Lady of Bethlehem, the Province of Entre Rios District, the Lake of Tears, the Park Lake, the Museum Entomological Hipolito Schneider, along with the Museum of Natural Sciences collection of prof. Joao Jose Bigarella the Municipal Museum of Viscount Guarapuava the Jordan Recreation Park, the Municipal Park of Araucarias the San Francisco Municipal Park of Hope (Salto San Francisco), the Salto Curucacas the square of the Faith, the Teal Indian Reservation, the Teal and jump to Schoenstatt Shrine.
The city held a cultural event called Cavalhadas of Guarapuava. The folklore of Cavalhadas remained alive in Guarapuava, and the participation of more than a thousand amateur actors from all social strata and age groups in the municipality. Several dramatisations were incorporated to the event, which has size of party themes, including food, games, dances, medieval circus, with the interaction of princes, sultans and medieval knights. Since 2003 is not performed.