Guanshanhu District (simplified Chinese: 观山湖区; traditional Chinese: 觀山湖區; pinyin: Guānshānhú Qū) formerly the Jinyang New Area (JYND; simplified Chinese: 金阳新区; traditional Chinese: 金陽新區; pinyin: Jīnyáng Xīnqū) is a district located northwest of the city centre of Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province, People's Republic of China. The city centre itself is surrounded by mountains and lush forests Guanshanhu District is situated beyond the city's mountains on high-plains interspersed with rolling hills at an average altitude of 1,400 metres (4,600 ft).
As a new city district of Guiyang, the Guanshanhu District is focused on government, finance, real estate, high-tech, transportation, aerospace and commercial services. Since its inception in 2001, through the end of 2008, 43 billion yuan was invested in the Guanshanhu District. Since 2006 the Guanshanhu District has been home to Guiyang's Municipal Government Administration and CCP Offices.
While the population of the Guanshanhu District more than doubled in the 5 years between 2004 and 2008 from 70,000 to 180,000, a combination of Guiyang's attractive residency policy and the habitation of many of the district's larger residential developments resulted in further large-scale growth by the end of 2012 as the district's population reached an estimated +220,000 residents. Guanshanhu's population is anticipated to continue to climb exponentially over the next 5 years as a majority of Guizhou provincial and Guiyang municipal government agencies, many major local employers as well as several large national and international corporations relocate to the district in concert with continual development and upgrading of the area’s transportation and logistics infrastructure, linking the district to the regional and national transportation grids.
The Guanshanhu District has a well-developed road transportation network with a sophisticated grid of signalized multi-lane roadways capable of adequately addressing anticipated future heavy vehicular traffic flows as well as providing convenient access to the Guiyang–Zunyi Expressway, the Guiyang Outer Ring Road and Second Ring Road highways, and stations serving the national hi-speed rail and city light-rail networks currently under construction. The Gui-Zun Expressway, the Guiyang Outer Ring Road and Guiyang Second Ring Road highways pass through the district and are part of the national trunk highway system. These divided multi-lane motorways provide the district with rapid vehicular access to the city center, Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport, and all points within Guizhou including the cities of Zunyi, Anshun, and Kaili, as well as the large regional cities of Chongqing, Chengdu, Kunming, Guilin, Changsha, Nanning, and Guangzhou.
Guanshanhu District is home to the JinYang Regional Bus Terminal, the largest coach and bus terminal in Guizhou Province, servicing over 7 million passengers annually.
The national high-speed railway network will be accessible through Guiyang North Station, situated in the eastern area of the Guanshanhu District and currently under construction, with estimated opening in 2015. Guiyang North Station will connect Guiyang with Chengdu, Chongqing, Kunming, Guangzhou, Changsha, Wuhan, Shanghai, and Beijing via 100 daily CRH bullet trains. Guiyang is currently building a three-line urban light rails system with the city's fline-1 of the system anticipated to be operational in 2015, connecting the Guanshanhu District to the older, established Guiyang central business district, several established high-density inner-city residential neighborhoods, and the airport.