Puneet Varma

Guadeloupe Conference

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Guadeloupe Conference

The Guadeloupe Conference (Persian: کنفرانس گوآدلوپ‎‎) was a meeting held by four Western powers: the United States, the United Kingdom, France and West Germany in Guadeloupe Island from 4 to 7 January 1979. Discussions focused on various world issues, especially the Middle East and the Iranian political crisis.

Contents

Meeting

A month before the Islamic revolution of Iran, the Guadeloupe Conference was held by four Western powers: the United States, the United Kingdom, France and West Germany. The meeting was held between 4 and 7 January 1979. The president of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, hosted the meeting; also in attendance were the president of United States, Jimmy Carter, the chancellor of West Germany, Helmut Schmidt, and the prime Minister of the United Kingdom, James Callaghan.

Discussion

The meeting's discussions focused on: Iran's political crisis, the situation in Cambodia, violence in South Africa, the increasing influence of the Soviet Union in the Persian Gulf, the coup in Afghanistan, and the situation in Turkey. One of the main issues discussed was the political crisis in Iran which had led to an uprising against the Pahlavi dynasty. The assembled leaders concluded that there was no way to save Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's position as the Shah of Iran, and that if he remained as leader this could further aggravate the civil war and might result in Soviet intervention.

Impact

The leaders at the Guadeloupe Conference suggested that Shah leave Iran as early as possible. After the meeting, domestic protests and opposition to the Pahlavi dynasty increased. After the conference ended, the Shah's regime collapsed and he left Iran for exile on 16 January 1979, the last monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty.

References

Guadeloupe Conference Wikipedia


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