Grumant was a Soviet settlement in Svalbard, Norway, established in 1912 and abandoned in 1965. The population peaked at 1,106 in 1951/52 (including Coles Bay, which served as port for Grumant). The name ‘Grumant’ is Pomor in origin, and is also used to refer to the whole of the Svalbard archipelago. It may be a corruption of ‘Greenland,’ with which this land was confused.
Grumant is located on Spitsbergen, the largest of the Svalbard archipelago's islands, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) West-southwest from Longyearbyen, the administrative centre.