Samiksha Jaiswal

Greifensteine

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Elevation  2,193 ft (668 m)
Mountain type  Granite
Age of rock  Tertiary
Parent range  Erzgebirge
Range  Ore Mountains
Greifensteine httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbb
Location  Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany
Similar  Zinngrube Ehrenfriedersdorf, St Anne's Church - Annaberg‑Buchholz, Frohnauer Hammer, Pöhlberg, Fichtelberg

The Greifensteine is a rock formation in the Ore Mountains, Germany, between the towns of Geyer, Ehrenfriedersdorf and Jahnsbach. The highest of the seven granite rocks reaches 731 m.

Contents

Map of Greifensteine, 09427 Ehrenfriedersdorf, Germany

Geology

Geologically, the Greifensteine is the top of a pluton. During the Variscan orogeny, magma intruded along structural zones, but cooled and solidified before reaching the earth surface. When the Erzgebirge block raised, the resulting granite formation raised with it. The surrounding softer material eroded and the harder granite remained, creating the tors of the rock formation. The deposition of ores associated with the intrusion gave the area its name (Erzgebirge, literally ore mountains).

History

The first indications of a settlement on the Greifensteine are from around 1180, and in 1349 the von Waldenburg family are seignory to the "Grifenstein" castle. The castle is documented in 1372 as "Slosz Cryfenstein". The castle was destroyed in the 14th century by fire, and was rebuilt afterwards. It was abandoned in the 15th century, the area was used as a quarry and all traces of the former castle are removed. Of the originally 13 rock towers, six have been demolished and used for their granite over the years. This activity was stopped in 1928, and the area has become a nature reserve.

Tourism

Today, the Greifensteine is a nature reserve and a popular tourist attraction. The areal has a restaurant, a small museum and an outdoor theater that uses the rock formation as a dramatic backdrop. Stairs lead up to the tallest rock, which offers a nice view of the surrounding Erzgebirge. The rock formations offer several rock climbing paths. In the surrounding area are the Greifenbachstauweiher and the Röhrgraben.

Stülpner-Höhle

Karl Stülpner (1762–1842), a local renegade and folk hero (the Robin Hood of the Erzgebirge) had a hiding place in one of the numerous caverns of the Greifensteine area. This Stülpner-Höhle (engl.: Stülpner's cavern) can still be visited today.

References

Greifensteine Wikipedia


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