Greenport is a village in Suffolk County, New York, United States. It is located on the north fork of Long Island. The population was 2,197 at the 2010 census.
The village of Greenport is within the town of Southold and is the only incorporated community in the town.
Greenport was a major port for its area, having developed a strong fishing and whaling industry in the past, although currently there are only a handful of commercial fishing vessels operating out of Greenport. More recently the tourism industry has grown substantially too, especially in the warm summer months.
Greenport was first settled in 1682. The village was previously called Winter Harbor, Stirling, and Green Hill and was incorporated in 1838. Greenport was once a whaling and ship building village, and since 1844, has been the eastern terminal station on the north fork for the Long Island Rail Road. During Prohibition, rum running and speakeasies became a significant part of Greenport's economy. Greenport's residents knew the waters well and could outrun the coastguard. Restaurants on the east end, including Claudio's in Greenport, served the illegal booze. Many of the village's older structures are included in the Greenport Village Historic District, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.
Town residents voted 617–339 in November 1994 to disband their nine-member police department. The department, which was established in 1947, was shut down following a grand jury investigation into a series of scandals. Since the shutdown, police services have been provided by the Southold Town Police Department. In 2005, trustees established a local chapter parapolice organization of volunteer vigilantes, Guardian Angels, to patrol the village.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), of which, 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (20.66%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,048 people, 776 households, and 446 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,142.7 people per square mile (823.7/km²). There were 1,075 housing units at an average density of 1,124.7 per square mile (432.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 76.17% White, 14.26% African American, 0.39% Asian, 0.54% Pacific Islander, 4.74% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.24% of the population.
There were 776 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,675, and the median income for a family was $36,333. Males had a median income of $36,848 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,595. About 21.2% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010, the breakdown was as follows:53.6% White
0.1% Native American
0.5% some Other Race
1.5% Two or More Races
Greenport is also known for its tourism during the summer. It has a locally famous 1920s carousel, located near the waterfront. The village is also the home of the East End Seaport Museum & Marine Foundation, which hosts the annual Maritime Festival each September. The museum is housed in the former station house of the Greenport Long Island Rail Road station, while the East end of the Railroad Museum of Long Island is located in the former freight house. The new station is the terminus of the Long Island Rail Road.
Most of the tourism stems from maritime activities, as well as proximity to the more than 40 vineyards on the East End of Long Island. It has many small shops and boutiques, ice cream parlors, bed-and-breakfasts, and restaurants ranging from fine-dining to paper-napkin crab shacks.
Greenport proves to be the hub of the North Fork foodie culture with many acclaimed restaurants. Lucharito's, Noah's, The Frisky Oyster, The Blue Canoe and First and South all rank among new and acclaimed restaurants on the North Fork in the village. It is also the home of the Greenport Farmers' Market, the only multi-vendor cooperative local market on the North Fork. Greenport is also home to Claudio's Restaurant, Clam Bar and Crabby Jerry's, all three are located on the water and serve less upscale food. Claudio's Restaurant believes themselves to be the oldest single family-owned restaurant in the United States.
The Greenport Union Free School District provides public education for the area.
The Old Kindergarten Schoolhouse was Greenport's first schoohouse. It was located on the North Road and attended by children from Arshamomaque, Stirling (now Greenport) and East Marion. In 1832, a larger schoolhouse was built on First Street and Greenport students transferred to the new location. In 1879, the first kindergarten was established and the old schoolhouse was moved from the North Road to 4th Avenue and South Street (now the location of the Greenport Fire Department). Greenport students attended kindergarten in the building until 1932.
In 2005, the Old Kindergarten Schoolhouse was moved to its present site on Front Street and with oversight by the Greenport Improvement Committee, was restored with matching funds from the Village of Greenport and New York State. The building is now the Village's historic interpretive center and a venue for community meetings and events. Their phone is 631-477-8200.
Saints Anargyroi, Taxiarchis and Gerasimos Greek Orthodox Church 702 Main Street Greeport, NY 11944
Clinton Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church 614 3rd Street Greenport, NY 11944
First Baptist Church of Greenport Main Street Greenport, NY 11944
Holy Trinity Episcopal Church 768 Main Street Greenport, NY 11944
St. Agnes Church Front Street Greenport, NY 11944
St. Peter's Lutheran Church Main Road Greenport, NY –11944
Congregation Tifereth Israel 500 4th Street Greenport, NY 11944
Greenport is the easternmost terminus for the Long Island Rail Road's Ronkonkoma Branch, which provides limited service between Greenport station and Ronkonkoma station. At Ronkonkoma, passengers can connect to New York City bound trains. It is also served by Suffolk County Transit's S92 bus route, which runs from Orient Point to East Hampton via Riverhead. Hampton Jitney's North Fork Line also brings passengers to New York City.