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Graham Bond

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Years active  1960sā€“1974
Labels  Decca

Name  Graham Bond
Role  Musician
Graham Bond RockBoarcomGarage RockGraham Bond Organization

Birth name  Graham John Clifton Bond
Born  28 October 1937 Romford, England (1937-10-28)
Genres  Rhythm and blues, blues-rock, blues, jazz
Instruments  Keyboards, saxophone, vocals
Associated acts  Don Rendell, Blues Incorporated, The Graham Bond Organisation
Died  May 8, 1974, Finsbury Park, London, United Kingdom
Music groups  The Graham Bond Organisation, Blues Incorporated (Since 1963), Ginger Baker's Air Force
Albums  Holy Magick, Solid Bond, Ginger Baker's Air Force, The Sound of '65, Mighty Grahame Bond

Graham Bond Organisation - Harmonica


Graham John Clifton Bond (28 October 1937 ā€“ 8 May 1974) was an English musician and occultist, considered a founding father of the English rhythm and blues boom of the 1960s.

Contents

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Bond was an innovator, described as "an important, under-appreciated figure of early British R&B", along with Cyril Davies and Alexis Korner. Jack Bruce, John McLaughlin and Ginger Baker first achieved prominence in his group, the Graham Bond Organisation. Bond was voted Britain's New Jazz Star in 1961. He was an early user of the Hammond organ/Leslie speaker combination in British rhythm and blues ā€“ he "split" the Hammond for portability ā€“ and was the first rock artist to record using a mellotron, on his There's A Bond Between Us LP. As such he was a major influence upon later rock keyboardists: Deep Purple's Jon Lord said "He taught me, hands on, most of what I know about the Hammond organ".

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Biography

Graham Bond Graham BondMid Sixties

Bond was born in Romford, Essex. Adopted from a Dr. Barnardo's home, he was educated at the Royal Liberty School in Gidea Park, East London, where he learned music. His first jazz gig was in 1960 with the Goudie Charles Quintet, staying for a year. He first gained national attention as a jazz saxophonist as a member of the Don Rendell Quintet, then briefly joined Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated before forming the Graham Bond Quartet with musicians he met in the Korner group, Ginger Baker on drums and Jack Bruce on double bass, together with John McLaughlin on guitar; and adopting the Hammond organ as his main instrument. The group then became The Graham Bond Organisation (GBO), while John McLaughlin was later replaced by Dick Heckstall-Smith on saxophones. Their album There's A Bond Between Us of October 1965 is considered the first recording of rock music that uses a Mellotron.

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The group was plagued by substance abuse problems, particularly Bond's, as well as the relentless bickering between Baker and Bruce, culminating in Bond deputizing Baker to fire Bruce. Baker would leave soon after to form Cream with Bruce and Eric Clapton. The band carried on as a trio with Jon Hiseman on drums, but Bond's mental and physical health continued to deteriorate, until the band eventually dissolved in 1967. The group's lack of commercial success is generally put down to Bond being "unable to find a commercially successful niche. The jazz fraternity regarded Bond's band as too noisy and rock-based, while the pop audience found his music complicated and too jazzy". Heckstall-Smith and Hiseman went on to form Colosseum, recording Bond's song "Walkin' in the Park" for their first album.

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After the break-up of the Organisation, Bond continued to exhibit mental disorders, with manic episodes and periods of intense depression, exacerbated by heavy drug use. Moving to America, he recorded two albums and performed session work for Harvey Mandel and Dr. John among others, but he returned to England in 1969. He then formed Graham Bond Initiation with his new wife Diane Stewart, who shared his interest in magick, and in 1970 Holy Magick, which recorded a self-titled album and We Put Our Magick On You. He was also re-united with old band members while playing saxophone in Ginger Baker's Air Force and spending a short time in the Jack Bruce Band. Solid Bond, a double-album compiling live tracks recorded in 1963 by the Graham Bond Quartet (Bond, McLaughlin, Bruce and Baker) and a studio session from 1966 by the Graham Bond Organisation (Bond, Heckstall-Smith and Hiseman) was released that same year.

Graham Bond Planet Mellotron Album Reviews B10

In 1972 he teamed up with Pete Brown to record Two Heads are Better Than One. He also recorded an album with the John Dummer Band in 1973, although this was not released until 2008. After the near-simultaneous collapse of his band and his marriage, Bond then formed Magus with British folk-singer Carolanne Pegg and bassist Pete Macbeth, which disbanded around Christmas 1973 without recording. During that same period, he discovered American singer-songwriter-guitarist Mick Lee, and they played together live but never recorded. Plans to include Chris Wood of Traffic never materialized due to Bond's death.

Bond's financial affairs were in chaos, and the years of lack of commercial success and the recent demise of Magus had badly hurt his pride. Throughout his career he had been hampered with severe bouts of drug addiction, and spent January 1973 in hospital after a nervous breakdown. According to Harry Shapiro, in his biography The Mighty Shadow, Bond was considered as a possible replacement for Patrick Moraz in Refugee. On 8 May 1974, Bond died under the wheels of a Piccadilly line train at Finsbury Park station, London, at the age of 36. Most sources list the death as a suicide. Friends agree that he was off drugs, although becoming increasingly obsessed with the occult (he believed he was Aleister Crowley's son).

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Bond's legacy as a springboard for talent and as a Hammond Organ pioneer musician in his own right was largely overlooked for the latter part of the 20th century. However, his legacy has been somewhat re-examined in later years and in 2015 his work was the focus of a two-hour special on the Dr Boogie radio show.

Discography

Graham Bond Airforce From left to right Steve Gregory Graham Bond Ginger
  • Roarin' - Don Rendell New Jazz Quartet (Jazzland, Oct. 1961)
  • Live at Klooks Kleek (EMI Columbia, 1964)
  • The Sound of '65 - Graham Bond Organisation (EMI Columbia, Feb. 1965)
  • There's a Bond Between Us - Graham Bond Organisation (EMI Columbia, Oct. 1965)
  • Love Is the Law - Graham Bond (Pulsar, 1969)
  • Mighty Grahame Bond - Graham Bond (Pulsar, 1969)
  • Solid Bond - Graham Bond Organisation (Warner Bros, double album, May 1970)
  • Holy Magick - Graham Bond (Vertigo, Dec. 1970)
  • We Put Our Magick on You - Graham Bond (Vertigo, Oct. 1971)
  • Live at Klooks Kleek (1971)
  • Bond in America (1971)
  • This Is Graham Bond (unreleased double album, 1971)
  • Two Heads Are Better Than One (with Pete Brown, 1972)
  • Wade in the Water - Classics, Origins & Oddities (4 CD retrospective, 2012)
  • References

    Graham Bond Wikipedia


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