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Government of Perlis

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Country  Malaysia
Government of Perlis
Legislature  Perlis State Legislative Assembly
Meeting place  Perlis State Assembly Complex
Main organ  Executive Council of Perlis
Leader  Menteri Besar of Perlis

The Government of Perlis refers to the state government of the state of Perlis. Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution of the State of Perlis (Undang-undang Tubuh Kerajaan Negeri Perlis).


In modern Malaysian use, the term "government" refers broadly to the cabinet (formally the Executive Council of Perlis) of the day, elected from the Perlis State Legislative Assembly and the non-political staff within each state department or agency – that is, the civil and public services. The civil service that manages and delivers government policies, programs, and services is called the Perlis Public Service.

The state of Perlis, like all Malaysian states, is governed by a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature—the Perlis State Legislative Assembly, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The political party or coalition that wins the largest number of seats in the legislature normally forms the government, and the party's leader becomes Menteri Besar of the state, i.e., the head of the government.

Legislative powers

The legislative powers in the state however, lie with the Perlis State Legislative Assembly. Its government resembles that of the other Malaysian states. The capital of the state is Kangar, where the Perlis State Assembly Building is located. Government is conducted after the Westminster model.

The Legislative Assembly consists of 15 members, elected first past the post (FPTP) from single-member constituencies. The current Legislature is the 13th, since 1959. The last election was held on 5 May 2013, and returned a majority parliament controlled by the Barisan Nasional.

Executive Council of Perlis

Almost always made up of members of the Perlis State Legislative Assembly, the Executive Council of Perlis (Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan Negeri Perlis) is similar in structure and role to the Cabinet of Malaysia while being smaller in size. As federal and state responsibilities differ there are a number of different portfolios between the federal and state governments.

The Raja of Perlis serve as constitutional and ceremonial head of state of Perlis. Although the Raja is technically the most powerful person in Perlis, he is in reality a figurehead whose actions are restricted by custom and constitutional convention. The government is therefore headed by the Menteri Besar. The Menteri Besar is normally a member of the Legislative Assembly, and draws all the members of the Executive Council from among the members of the Legislative Assembly. Most executive councillors are the chairman of a committee, but this is not always the case.

The executive powers in the state are vested in the monarch and are exercised by the Menteri Besar of Perlis and the Executive Council, who are responsible to the Perlis State Legislative Assembly, advising the Raja on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative and other executive powers. In the construct of constitutional monarchy and responsible government, the executive councillors advice tendered is typically binding, though it is important to note that, despite appearances of the contrary, the Royal Prerogative belongs to the Crown, not to any of the executive councillors.

As at the federal level the most important Executive Council post after that of the leader is Executive Councillor in charge of Finance. Today the next most powerful position is certainly the health portfolio which has a vast budget and is of central political importance. Other powerful portfolios include Education and Security.

Current Executive Council

The current Executive Council has been in place since 15 May 2013, following the 5 May 2013 Perlis state election. Resulted in Azlan Man forming government for the first time. Members are listed in order of precedence.

Subject to State List and Concurrent List

  • Office of the Menteri Besar
  • Office of the State Executive Councillors
  • Office of the State Secretary
  • State Economic Planning Unit
  • Administration and Services Division
  • State Legislative Assembly Division
  • Housing and Local Government Unit
  • Human Resources Management Division
  • Management Services Division
  • District Administration Unit
  • State Sports Council
  • Internal Audit Unit
  • Corporate Management Division
  • Information Technology Management Division
  • Quality and Human Capital Development Unit
  • Protocol Unit
  • Office of the State Legal Advisor
  • Office of the State Treasury
  • Department of Mufti
  • Kangar High Court
  • Department of Syariah Judiciary
  • State Syariah Court
  • Department of Works
  • Department of Lands and Mines
  • Department of Irrigation and Drainage
  • Department of Islamic Affairs
  • Office of the Private Secretary to the Raja of Perlis
  • Department of Veterinary Services
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Forestry
  • Department of Social Welfare
  • Department of Town and Country Planning
  • Subject to Federal List

  • National Anti Drug Agency, Perlis
  • Royal Malaysian Police Headquarters, Perlis
  • Department of Fire and Rescue Malaysia (Perlis)
  • Department of Community Development (Perlis)
  • Department of Health (Perlis)
  • Department of Marine (Perlis)
  • Department of Education (Perlis)
  • Department of Road Transport (Perlis)
  • Department of Statistics (Perlis)
  • Department of Fisheries (Perlis)
  • Department of Quarantine and Inspection Services (Perlis)
  • Ministry of Tourism and Culture Malaysia, Perlis Office
  • Perlis State Development Office
  • Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Corporation Northern Region
  • Implementation Coordination Unit (Perlis)
  • Subject to State List and Concurrent List

  • Perlis State Economic Development Corporation
  • Perlis State Public Library Corporation
  • Rumah Seri Kenangan Kangar
  • Perlis State Islamic Foundation
  • Perlis Islamic Religious and Malay Customs Council
  • Subject to Federal List

  • Universiti Teknologi MARA Kampus Arau
  • Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
  • Kolej Matrikulasi Perlis
  • Institut Pengajian Tinggi Islam Perlis
  • Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA) Negeri Perlis
  • Maktab Rendah Sains MARA Beseri
  • Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia Kampus Perlis
  • Institut Kemahiran MARA (IKM) Beseri Perlis
  • Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
  • Kolej Komuniti Arau
  • RISDA Negeri Perlis
  • MARDI Negeri Perlis
  • FAMA Negeri Perlis
  • Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang Negeri Perlis
  • Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan Malaysia Negeri Perlis
  • Felcra Berhad Lubuk Sireh
  • Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Negeri Perlis
  • Lembaga Kenaf dan Tembakau Negara Negeri Perlis
  • Tabung Haji Negeri Perlis
  • MADA Negeri Perlis
  • Felda Rimba Mas
  • Felda Chuping
  • Felda Mata Ayer
  • BERNAMA Negeri Perlis
  • Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara Kuala Perlis
  • Suruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia Negeri Perlis
  • FELCRA Bhd. Wilayah Utara
  • Taman Ular dan Reptilia Negeri Perlis
  • Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri Perlis
  • Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja Negeri Perlis
  • Perbadanan Kemajuan Kraftangan Malaysia Negeri Perlis
  • Allianze University College of Medical Sciences, Kangar
  • FELDA Negeri Perlis
  • GIATMARA Perlis
  • Institut Latihan Kemahiran Perlis
  • Kolej Antarabangsa Teknologi dan Profesional Malaysia Perlis
  • Kolej Jururawat Masyarakat Kangar
  • Kolej Komuniti Arau
  • Kolej Universiti Islam Perlis
  • LKIM Negeri Perlis
  • Majlis Perbandaran Kangar
  • MIDA Negeri Perlis
  • POS Malaysia Negeri Perlis
  • Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor Negeri Perlis
  • TNB Negeri Perlis
  • Tourism Malaysia Negeri Perlis
  • References

    Government of Perlis Wikipedia

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