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Gotthard Kettler

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Reign  1561–1587
Grandchildren  Jacob Kettler
Name  Gotthard Kettler
House  House of Kettler
Successor  Friedrich Kettler

Gotthard Kettler httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Full name  Gotthard von Kettler
Born  February 2, 1517Anrochte, Kreis Soest, Duchy of Cleves (1517-02-02)
Burial  Ducal crypt in the Jelgava Palace
Issue  Friedrich KettlerWilhelm Kettler
Father  Gotthard Kettler zu Melrich
Died  May 17, 1587, Jelgava, Latvia
Spouse  Anna of Mecklenburg (m. 1566–1587)
Parents  Gotthard Kettler zu Melrich
Children  Wilhelm Kettler, Friedrich Kettler
Similar People  Wilhelm Kettler, Jacob Kettler, Anna of Mecklenburg, Sophie Hohenzollern, Stephen Bathory

Gotthard Kettler

Gotthard von Kettler (also Ketteler, German: Gotthard Kettler, Herzog von Kurland; 2 February 1517 – 17 May 1587) was the last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland and Semigallia.


Gotthard Kettler Gotthard Kettler Wikipedia


Gotthard Kettler Gothards Ketlers Wikiwand

Kettler was born near Anröchte, Kreis Soest, of an old Westphalian noble family and the ninth child of the German knight Gotthard Kettler zu Melrich (mentioned 1527–1556) and his wife Sophie of Nesselrode. Gotthard's older brother Wilhelm Kettler was bishop of Münster from 1553 to 1557.

Gotthard Kettler Gotthard Kettler Wikiwand

In 1554 Gotthard Kettler became Komtur of Dünaburg, and in 1557 Komtur of Fellin. In 1559, during the Livonian War (1558–1582) he succeed to Wilhelm von Fürstenberg as a Master of the Teutonic Order in Livonia. When the Livonian Confederation came under increasing pressure from Tsar Ivan the Terrible, Kettler converted to Lutheranism and secularised Semigallia and Courland. On the basis of the Treaty of Vilnius (28 November 1561), he created the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia as a vassal state of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which was soon merged into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Gotthard Kettler Kurzemes hercogiste

On 11 March 1566 Kettler married Anna, Duchess of Mecklenburg, daughter of Duke Albert VII of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Princess Anna of Brandenburg. After Dukes proposal in 1567 Regional assembly (landtag) took decision to build 70 new churches and 8 schools in the remote areas of Duchy where many peasants still lived and died unbaptized.

He died on 17 May 1587 in Mitau (Polish Mitawa, Latvian Jelgava), aged 70. His heirs ruled in Courland until 1737.


Gotthard Kettler Wikipedia

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Anna of Mecklenburg
Jacob Kettler
Wilhelm Kettler