Nisha Rathode (Editor)


Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Country  Iran
Population  274,438 (2006)
Area  1,700 km2
Governor  Jaafar Gorzin
Colleges and Universities  Gorgan University, Islamic Azad University of Gorgan

Gorgan    (Persian: ?, also Romanized as Gorgan and Gurgan; Caspian: Wergen; formerly, Esterabad or Astarabad (Persian: ?, also Romanized as Asterabad), is the capital of Golestan Province, Iran. It lies approximately 400 km (250 mi) to the north east of Tehran, some 30 km (19 mi) away from the Caspian Sea. In the 2006 census, its population was 269,226, in 73,702 families.


Map of Gorgan

Some 150 km (93 mi) east of Gorgan is the Golestan National Park. The city has a regional airport and several universities. Gorgan Airport was opened in September 2005.

Geography and climate

Gorgan Beautiful Landscapes of Gorgan

The wide Dasht-e Gorgan (Plains of Gorgan) are located north of the city and geographically bounded by 37°00 - 37°30 north latitude and 54°00 - 54°30 east longitude, covering an area of about 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi).

Gorgan Beautiful Landscapes of Gorgan

In general, Golestan has a moderate and humid climate known as "the moderate Caspian climate." The effective factors behind such a climate are: Alborz mountain range, direction of the mountains, height of the area, neighborhood to the sea, vegetation surface, local winds, altitude and weather fronts. As a result of the above factors, three different climates exist in the region: plain moderate, mountainous, and semi-arid. Gorgan valley has a semi-arid climate. The average annual temperature is 18.2 °C (64.8 °F) and the annual rainfall is 600 millimetres (24 in).


Gorgan in the past, History of Gorgan

The name Hyrcania is the ancient Greek equivalent of the local name in Old Persian, Varkana. The Sanskrit word for "wolf", Vrka (???) may be a cognate. The capital of Hyrcania was Zadracarta, the largest city and site of the "royal palace" of Hyrcania.According to Arrian, this was the largest city of Hyrcania. The term signifies, " the yellow city "; and it was given to it from the great number of oranges, lemons, and other fruit trees which grew in the outskirts of that city. At the time of the Sassanids,Gorgan appeared as the name of a city, province capital, and province.

Gorgan in the past, History of Gorgan

Hyrcania became part of the Persian empire during the reign of Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC) - the first emperor of the first Persian imperial dynasty, the Achaemenids - or his successor Cambyses (530-522 BC). It maintained its independence as a Zoroastrian state even after Persia was conquered by Arabs in 8th century and by Mongols in the 13th century.


Gorgan Culture of Gorgan

Gorgan (as well as the whole Golestan province) has a world-famous carpet and rug industry, made by Turkmen. The patterns of these carpets are derived from the ancient Persian city of Bukhara, which is now in Uzbekistan. Jajim carpets are also crafted in this province.


Gorgan Wikipedia (,),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),)

Similar Topics
Gorgan, Kermanshah
Gorgan, Markazi